art museum,and ten national treasures of Chinese crafts
In Chinese art museum, there are large collections of fine arts and crafts.Among them, the best are called national treasures.Now take a look at the top ten national treasures of Chinese handicrafts
1,si muwu ding
National art museum of China
Si mu wu ding is a bronze vessel made in the late shang dynasty (14th to 11th century BC). It has a magnificent shape, a height of 133 cm, a mouth length of 110 cm, a mouth width of 79 cm, and a weight of 832.84 kg. It is the largest and heaviest bronze vessel ever unearthed.
Except that the center of the tripod is a rectangular surface without ornamentation, all the other places have ornamentation.On the fine cloud thunder pattern, each part of the main decoration each form.Tripod body with taotie as the main pattern, four intersection, is played with the edge of the leaf, the edge of the cattle head, for taotie.There are two tigers on the outer edge of the ding ear.The ear side is decorated with fish pattern.Four of the design is unique, in three strings above each animal face.According to the research, si muwu tripod should be an important vessel of the shang royal family.Is the shang dynasty bronze culture peak representative period.
2, king gou jian
Hubei provincial art museum
Goujian jian, king of yue, is a bronze ware of yue state in the late spring and autumn period. It belongs to the national first-class cultural relic. It was unearthed in wangshan chu tomb group in jiangling county, jingzhou city, hubei province in the winter of 1965.According to the archaeologists present, one mining member cut his finger and bled profusely.Someone tried again its edge, a little force, will be 16 layers of white paper cut.The sword is 55.7cm long, 4.6cm wide, 8.4cm long and 8.4cm long with a weight of 875g. There are two lines of inscriptions on it near the case: “the king of yue jiu shallow (goujian) USES the sword from cha”, which proves that this sword is the legendary king of yue goujian.
King goujian of yue was exquisite in making jian, which showed the excellent skills of the swordsmith.This sword is cold and sharp, after more than 2,400 years, it is still clear and exquisite in design, plus “the thing is named by the person”, it has high historical and cultural value, so it is praised as “the best sword in the world”.
3,The first emperor of qin had bronze chariots and horses
Bronze carriage and horse art museum of emperor qin shi huang’s mausoleum
In 1980, two bronze chariots with four horses were found on the west side of qin shi huang’s mausoleum.It is the earliest, largest and most completely preserved bronze chariot and horse, which is of great historical value to the research of ancient Chinese chariot and horse system, sculpture art and smelting technology.
The chariot numbered no. 1 was a vertical chariot with two single shafts and two wheels. The carriage was rectangular and the door was at the back of the carriage.The second car was a mounted car with two wheels.Carriage for the front and rear two rooms, between the two Windows, the door in the back, on the oval car cover.The car body is painted with colorful patterns.The cars and horses are richly decorated with gold and silver.It is composed of 3,462 parts, including 1,742 bronze parts, 737 gold parts and 983 silver parts.Its large body, can be called “bronze crown.”Its design and production also have a surprising similarity to modern engineering structure, which is beyond people’s imagination.
4, jade jewelry
Hebei provincial art museum
Jin-lu is the highest specification funeral clothes in the han dynasty, which appeared in the western han dynasty.According to “xijing magazine” records, han dynasty emperors were buried with “ju yu box”, like armor, with gold wire connection.This kind of jade box is what people say jade clothes continuously.At that time, people were very superstitious that jade could keep the body immortal, and jade was regarded as a noble ritual vessel and a symbol of status.
At present, there are 18 western han dynasty tombs in which jade clothing has been unearthed, and only eight of them are golden wisp tombs.One of the most representative is the no. 1 tomb in mancheng, hebei province unearthed jin lu jade clothes of jingwang liu sheng of zhongshan.It used more than 1000 grams of gold wire to connect 2498 pieces of jade of different sizes, which took hundreds of craftsmen more than two years to complete.The whole jade garment is exquisitely designed and meticulously worked, which is a rare artistic treasure.When the jade suit was unearthed in 1968, it shocked people at home and abroad.
5,set with gold onyx cup
Shaanxi history art museum
The animal head agate cup is now stored in the history museum of shaanxi province. It is the only piece of pretty colored jade carving seen in the tang dynasty.The bear-headed agate cup is the first Chinese cultural relic to be banned from overseas exhibition.
Animal head agate cup exquisite workmanship, the selection of very rare silk agate made, texture exquisite, distinct, bright and moist.Artisans also skillfully use the natural texture and shape of materials for carving, depending on color, with the shape change.Shape bending is full of changes, like horn shape.Front grinding cut into the shape of cattle head, beast eyes open round, bright.The horns were spiral, long and curved toward the sides of the cup.The ears are erect and slightly adducted.Beaks inlaid with gold make the finishing point, which not only highlights the perfection of the overall shape, but also adds the value of agate cup.The whole design is very artistic.
6,A horse steps on a swallow
Gansu provincial art museum
The horse-stepping flying swallow, also known as ma chao dragon finch and copper galloping horse, is a bronze ware of the eastern han dynasty. It was unearthed in the han tomb of leitai in wuwei city, gansu province in 1969.It is 34.5 cm tall, 45 cm long and 13 cm wide.Horse head flower tassel micro Yang, head held high Yang tail, tail dozen piaojie, three feet in the air, right hind foot foot step one feiyan, feiyan wings, look back at the consternation.The horse stepping on the flying swallow has been regarded as a symbol of the superb foundry industry in ancient China since its excavation.
Horse stepping on flying swallow is a classic work of artists of the eastern han dynasty. It is a rare treasure of ancient Chinese sculpture art and represents the highest artistic achievement of the eastern han dynasty in the history of Chinese sculpture.No matter how brilliant it is, or how brilliant the casting process is, what is more impressive is the brilliance of its creation.
In October 1983, the horse riding on the flying swallow was identified by the national tourism administration as the symbol of China’s tourism.In 1985, the name “ma chao longque” was determined by the national tourism administration as the graphic symbol of China’s tourism industry, and has been used up to now.It was designated as a national treasure in 1986.
7, in the northern song dynasty, you kiln celadon ingrain narcissus basin
National Palace art Museum, Taipei
Ru kiln was the official kiln of huizong dynasty in the northern song dynasty, famous for its azure glaze color.The ingrain narcissus basin of celadon of ru kiln is an oval basin, with a wasteful mouth, deep wall, flat bottom protruding narrow edge and four cloud head shape feet;Circumferential wall tyre is thin, bottom sufficient slightly thick.The whole body is covered with azure glaze, extremely uniform run;Underside glaze volume slightly with pale blue color;The edge of the mouth and the edge of the glaze thin light pink.
Daffodil basin wrapped foot burn, the bottom has six fine nail marks, slightly see beige tire color.The pure glazed surface of the whole ware has no grain plate, which is rare in generations, and the color is gentle and simple and elegant, which is exactly what the people of song dynasty wanted to pursue.According to research ru kiln celadon unmarked narcissus basin handed down for the only piece of pieces not open ru kiln.
8,four sheep square zun
National art museum of China
Four sheep square zun is the late shang dynasty bronze ritual vessels, sacrificial supplies.It was unearthed in 1938 on the mountainside of yueshan shop in huangcai town, ningxiang county, hunan province.National museum of China.
According to the analysis of archeologists, siyang fangzun was cast by two separate casting techniques, that is, the horn of the sheep and the dragon head were cast individually, and then they were separately arranged outside the fan, and then cast as a whole.The whole vessel is cast by block method, which is completed in one go and shows superb casting level. It is called “the highest bronze model” by historians and ranks among the top ten national treasures handed down to the world.
National Palace art Museum, Taipei
The jade cabbage is now in the national Palace Museum in Taipei.Jade cabbages are almost 100 percent similar to real cabbages. They are made of jade and jade. The cordial theme, white body and green leaves make people feel familiar and intimate.
The work was originally placed in the yonghe palace in the Forbidden City, which was the home of jin’s imperial concubine, guangxu emperor, so it was speculated that it was a dowry of jin’s concubine to symbolize her innocence and desire for more children and grandchildren.The shape of jade cabbage began to be popular in the middle and late qing dynasty.
10,yu taming yu mountain
The Palace art Museum in Beijing
The qing dynasty “dayu flood control” jade mountain 224 cm high, 96 cm wide, the base of 60 cm high, “yu yu mountain” on the inlaid gold wire brown bronze base, with the blue and white of the most expensive mountain hetian jade carved into 5350 kg.It is now in the Palace Museum in Beijing.
Yushan jade is China’s jade treasure house with the most magnificent materials, the longest road transportation, the longest time spent, the most expensive, the most refined carving, shape is the largest, the largest spirit of jade carving crafts, is also one of the largest jade carving in the world.It describes the story of dayu’s flood control spread through the ages, which is based on the painting scroll of “dayu’s flood control plan” in the song dynasty or before the song dynasty.