Each age of ceramic art has its own characteristics.
1,The original time
In primitive society, writing is not yet perfect and mature.The image of the pattern is highly intuitive, and at that time it had the characteristics of landmark and decoration, so the research on the pattern of painted pottery will also provide evidence for the study of ancient Chinese characters.
2,In the early qin period
The pottery pieces and POTS excavated from the ruins of Yin xu in the shang dynasty include many styles, including gray pottery, black pottery, red pottery, colored pottery, white pottery, and hard pottery with glaze.
3,Qin and han dynasties
Most ancient buildings in qin and han dynasties were constructed with wood, which is not easy to survive. However, relics such as tiles and bricks of han dynasty can still be found in the ruins. Ceramics of qin and han dynasties include tiles, bricks of han dynasty, terracotta warriors and horses, lead-glazed pottery, blue-glazed pottery and so on.
4,The northern and southern dynasties
In China, the most recognized porcelain appeared in the eastern han dynasty.The green body is made of kaolin or porcelain stone and other composite materials, and is fired at 1200oC1300oC. The body is required to be hard, dense, thin and not absorbent. The outside of the body is covered with a layer of glaze.
5,Sui and tang dynasties
Although the sui dynasty was short, there was a new breakthrough in porcelain firing, not only celadon firing, white porcelain also had a good development, in addition, there was also an innovation in decoration techniques at this time, such as in other pieces of clay – decals on utensils, for example.
6,The tang dynasty period
In the tang dynasty, porcelain production could reach a mature stage and enter the real era of porcelain.Because the difference between pottery and porcelain is white, hard or translucent, the biggest key is the fire temperature.Although there were porcelain in han dynasty, the temperature was not high and the texture was fragile, which could only be regarded as the original porcelain. However, when it came to tang dynasty, not only the glaze was mature, but the fire temperature could reach more than 1,000 degrees Celsius.The most famous kilns in tang dynasty were yue kilns and xing kilns.
7,Five dynasties and ten states
This period is more famous is the later zhou shizong chai kiln, mainly to the sky blue, shizong was rated as “after the rain the sky is clear and the clouds are broken, like color for the future”, so there is “after the rain the sky is clear and blue”.Tao road recorded “as green as the sky, as clear as a mirror, as thin as paper, sound like qing”, you can slightly know its exquisite production.
During the five dynasties, yue kiln became the imperial vessel of qian’s family, king of wu and yue, which was not allowed to be enjoyed by ordinary ministers. Therefore, it was also called “secret color kiln”, which was made of celadon.
The song dynasty was the heyday of Chinese ceramics.Ding kiln, ru kiln, guan kiln, ge kiln and jun kiln are five famous kilns with graceful shape and dignified, which not only surpass the achievements of predecessors, but also can be matched by later generations.
After the yuan dynasty entered the central plains for 91 years, the porcelain industry was in decline compared with that of the song dynasty. However, there were also new developments during this period, such as the rise of blue and white glaze and red glaze, the popularity of colored porcelain, white porcelain became the mainstream of porcelain, and the glaze color was white and green, which drove the development of porcelain in the later Ming and qing dynasties and made great achievements.
10,During the Ming dynasty
Ceramic art development in the Ming dynasty in China and to enter into a new journey, in the Ming dynasty porcelain is given priority to with celadon, before and after the Ming dynasty is given priority to with white porcelain, especially in blue, the main products color into white porcelain of Ming dynasty, jingdezhen and more become the main plant, largest and continue the Ming and qing dynasties five and six hundred long, describing the spectacle as “day empty, white smoke mask, red flame burning day night”.
11,In the qing dynasty
Chinese porcelain of the qing dynasty reached its peak.Thousands of years of experience, coupled with natural raw materials, jingdezhen du tao officer management, the early years of the qing dynasty, kangxi, yongzheng and qianlong three generations, for political stability, economic prosperity, the emperor, the achievements of China also is very outstanding, the emperor’s hobby and advocate, made the early qing dynasty porcelain production of skilled, decorative fine, achievement, is the most illuminating the long history of Chinese ceramics.
12,The middle of the qing dynasty
During this period, the status of Chinese porcelain in international trade was deteriorating. China, which was famous for its porcelain production, became a dumping market for a large number of foreign porcelain. Although Chinese porcelain could still compete with foreign porcelain with traditional characteristics, the number was greatly reduced.Nevertheless, China’s ceramic industry still survives tenaciously.At the end of the qing dynasty, under the slogan of “invigorating industry” advocated by the qing government, some ethnic industrialists carried out some reforms to China’s ceramic handicraft industry and established some new porcelain factories.
13,In modern times
Before and after the first world war, the imperialist countries in Europe and America were busy with war plunder, temporarily easing the aggression and oppression of China. Therefore, China’s national industry rose slightly, and the new porcelain factories of national industry also developed to a certain extent.During the reign of the kuomintang, China’s ceramic industry not only failed to develop, but also became increasingly depressed and declining. The import of foreign porcelain showed an increasing trend year by year.By the eve of liberation, China’s ceramic industry was moribund.
14,New China period
After the founding of new China, through confiscating bureaucratic capital and reforming capitalist industry and commerce and individual handicraft industry, China’s ceramics industry has been rapidly restored and developed, and a socialist ceramic industry system has been established.
15,Modern ceramic art
Chinese ceramic art has a complete aesthetic system, and is also being modernized by a new generation of grasp and transformation, this batch of ceramic artists will be modern art concept and creation synchronization, with a new enterprising spirit to explore, dig, explore new art forms, expression of the spirit and connotation of The Times, so that the ceramic art has a modern sense.