ceramic kiln:118 kinds of most valuable Chinese ceramic kilns

ceramic Kiln site: according to archaeological data, mature porcelain appeared in the eastern han dynasty, with a history of more than 1,800 years.The Three Kingdoms, the two jin and the southern and northern dynasties were the periods when the porcelain industry in the south of the Yangtze river was developing rapidly. ceramic Kilns were set up in the east in the Yangtze river, zhejiang, fujian and jiangxi in the southeast coast, and in the west in the two lakes and sichuan in the upper reaches of the Yangtze river.

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Now the data of most ceramic kiln in different periods of the country are taken for reference:


1,Zhejiang ceramic kiln

1.Ou kiln:

in today’s wenzhou, zhejiang province, the han dynasty has been the production of original porcelain, until the tang and song dynasties became the territory of zhejiang only second to yue ceramic kiln celadon kiln.

Five – generation ou kiln green glaze gourd – shaped meander pot with cover

2.Yuhang kiln:

in today’s zhejiang yuhang, so the name.It is another early black porcelain producing area after deqing ceramic kiln.Two kiln sites were found, which were similar to deqing kiln.Black glaze kettles left more ground, there are three forms of medium and small, when the production is larger.

3.Wuzhou kiln:

in present jinhua area of zhejiang province, tang dynasty belongs to wuzhou, hence its name.It is one of the six producing areas of celadon in tang dynasty.The fire began in The Three Kingdoms, tang and song dynasties when the kiln expanded, became a famous celadon production area.

4.Deqing kiln:

it is named because it is located in deqing county, zhejiang province.Dozens of kiln sites have been found in deqing county, which is an ancient kiln site famous for black porcelain and celadon.It is one of the earliest places of black porcelain found in zhejiang.It has a long history, which goes back to shang and zhou, han, six dynasties and tang and song dynasties.

Deqing kiln in the eastern jin dynasty kettles with chicken head double – series dish mouth

5.Yinxian kiln:

in yinxian county, zhejiang province.Xiaobai city, shaye river and guo jia zhi have been found in three places.The other two were the five dynasties and the northern song dynasty.The modeling, decoration and firing method are very similar to yuyao shanglinhu yue kiln.

6.Longquan kiln:

in today’s zhejiang longquan county, so the name.In the early northern song dynasty, the late southern song dynasty reached its peak, and gradually declined after the middle Ming dynasty.

Song dynasty longquan porcelain plum green five tube bottle

7.Official kiln:

after song shu went to the south, a new official kiln was built in Lin ‘an (now hangzhou). The official ceramic kiln was first built to repair the internal kiln, and then the official kiln under the suburban altar. The kiln site of repairing the internal kiln has not been found so far.

8.Wuyi kiln:

in today’s zhejiang wuyi, hence its name.In recent years, through investigation, dozens of celadon kiln sites have been found in China, most of which belong to the song dynasty. There are many bowls in which porcelains are burned, which are decorated with labyrinth lines and engraved on the outside.Yuan dynasty ruins more than burning longquan glaze plate bowl, in the center of the more Yin yinwen hui, occasionally with eight, a few.

9.Xishan kiln:

xishan in wenzhou, zhejiang, hence the name.Five dynasties, northern song dynasty, celadon.Embryo color gray or light blue white, more delicate quality.Glaze layer hypertrophic, mainly light blue, a few pieces.Decoration to carve lotus petals mainly.

Xishan kiln

10.Wu xingyao:

wuxing in zhejiang province, hence its name.For the eastern jin dynasty tang and song dynasty porcelain ceramic kiln, the body color is gray, utensils with flat bottom in the majority.Green glaze color yellow, some in the glaze add brown, glaze has a piece.

11.Xiangshan kiln:

in today’s zhejiang xiangshan, hence the name.According to the Ming and qing dynasty description that burn white porcelain, like ding kiln porcelain and coarse;After investigation, it was determined that the tang dynasty has burned celadon.The site area is not large, there are not many left specimens, and the dishes and bowls are mainly burned. The shape of straight and flat bowl is the same as that of lishui, wuxing, yuyao and other kilns in zhejiang province, which is popular in the early tang dynasty.

12.Shaoxing fusheng kiln:

it is famous for its location in fusheng, shaoxing county, zhejiang province.It was the kiln where the original celadon and ink-pattern hard pottery were fired in the same kiln in the warring states period.Hard pottery and original celadon were burned in the same kiln, but the products were quite different.

Shaoxing fusheng kiln

13.Huangyan kiln:

famous in huangyan city, zhejiang province.Celadon was found from the eastern han dynasty to the tang and song dynasties.

14.Shaoxing kiln:

in today’s zhejiang shaoxing, hence its name.Two ceramic kiln sites have been found: one is in changzhuyuan area of fusheng district, which belongs to the spring and autumn period and the warring states period. The relics include original porcelain bowls with spiral patterns, which is one of the early kiln sites in zhejiang province.In xiapuxi area, relics such as clay POTS and POTS are mostly printed with ribbon mesh and shop head decoration, with the characteristics of the wu and western jin dynasties.

15.Xiaoshan kiln:

xiaoshan city, zhejiang province, so the name.The period from the spring and autumn period to the eastern jin dynasty.The kiln site in the eastern jin dynasty was discovered in 1954.The tire color is gray, the bowl plate has a burn mark for the flat foot.Utensils to basin, bowl, pan and other large mouth for more.

16.Lishui kiln:

Lishui kiln is famous in lishui city, zhejiang province.Longquan kiln system, has found more than 20 kiln accumulation.The main age of the yuan dynasty.The porcelain is coarse.Glazes have green glazes, gray glazes, black glazes.The glaze color of gray glaze is close to shade blue.

17.Taishun kiln:

in today’s zhejiang taishun, hence the name.It is a complete body with large mouth and small bottom. When loading the blank, it can be loaded with small implement first. According to the size, it can be loaded with 9 pieces.The glaze color of the burned utensils slants gray, and there are concise engraved patterns.

18.Cixi kiln:

in today’s zhejiang cixi du hubin lake area, so the name.It is a newly discovered celadon producing area adjacent to yuyao.The products are mainly made of pot ash, and there are various styles of pot. The belly is decorated with carved flowers and scratched flowers.The glaze color is more green gray, color is special, but the porcelain is brittle and easy to break.

Cixi kiln:

19.Dongyang kiln:

in today’s zhejiang dongyang, so the name.In the sixties, nine ceramic kiln sites were found, and in the late seventies, there were further discoveries.The fire began in tang dynasty and ended in song dynasty. It belongs to wuzhou and the porcelain burned belongs to wuzhou kiln system.

20.Ningbo kiln:

ningbo in modern zhejiang, so the name.Three kiln sites, guotang ‘ao, yunhu and xiaodong ‘ao, have been discovered. The earliest history of guotang ‘ao kiln in porcelain firing is that in the later period of the eastern han dynasty, the kiln of burning green and black porcelain are similar to shangyu and xiaodan kilns.

21.Ge kiln:

song dynasty one of the five famous kilns.Ge kiln more imitation of three generations of bronze ware style, glaze open pieces shaped like ice crack, grain pieces yellow and black, because of the gold wire, said.Handed down more, more collection in the Palace Museum.After many investigations and excavations in longquan kiln, no specimens have been found and the question whether the kiln belongs to longquan kiln system remains to be confirmed.

Song ge kiln green glaze tube – Beijing Palace Museum collection

22.Jiangshan kiln:

jiangyao tun, liaoyang city, liaoning province.Liao jin period for the people’s ceramic kiln.Chuang burned in the late liao dynasty, sheng in gold.Mainly white glaze coarse porcelain, and white glaze black flower ware, black glaze ware, tricolor, etc.White glaze color white and yellowish, black glaze color pure black.

23,Shangyu kiln:

shangyu in modern zhejiang, hence its name.More than 300 kiln sites have been found, which is the most developed county in China.Porcelain firing from the eastern han dynasty to the song dynasty.

24.Linhai kiln:

in today’s zhejiang linhai, hence its name.Celadon was burned in two kiln sites. One was in wukong ‘ao, and the porcelain was burned between the southern dynasty and the early tang dynasty.

25.Secret color kiln:

yutao shanglinhu yue kiln in zhejiang, one of the six celadon producing areas in tang dynasty.The name of the secret color began to see in the late tang dynasty xu Yin “gong yu secret color tea cup poem”, tang people did not add notes to this;Zhao delin of the southern song dynasty “hou makerlu” interpretation for: “today’s secret color porcelain, the word qian shi guo, yue zhou burned into the offerings, not the common use of the minister, so cloud secret color.

Tang dynasty five – petal kuikou concave bottom deep belly secret color porcelain plate

 

 

 

2,Henan ceramic kiln

1.Raking village kiln:

in today’s henan yu county raking village, hence the name.Chuang burned in the tang dynasty, finally yuan, is a cizhou kiln system, mainly to burn white ground black flower porcelain.

Dragon pattern meiping in the song dynasty – Shanghai museum collection

2.Ru kiln:

in the present henan baofeng county, song belongs to ruzhou, the name.Celadon is one of the five famous kilns in song dynasty.

Song ru kiln azure glaze dish – Beijing imperial palace collection

3.Jun kiln:

in the area of bagua cave and jun tai, yu county, henan province, the jin dynasty belongs to jun zhou. It is named as jun tai or jun zhou.It began to be burned in the tang dynasty and flourished in the late northern song dynasty. During the jin and yuan dynasties, it continued to be burned, mainly to produce opacified celadon glaze, as well as black porcelain and white ground black flower porcelain. It was one of the five famous kilns in the song dynasty.

Song jun kiln rose purple glaze rectangular flower pot

4.Dangyangyu kiln:

in today xiuwu county, henan dangyang yu, so the name.Porcelain in the song dynasty, white porcelain, black porcelain, paste glaze porcelain, white glaze flowers and twisted tire and other varieties.

Song dangyang yu kiln cylindrical cover cylinder

5.Linru kiln:

linru county in today’s henan province, hence its name.In the song and jin dynasties, celadon was mainly fired.

6.Hebi kiln:

in today’s hebi city, henan province, so the name.It began in the tang dynasty and ended in the yuan dynasty, when white, yellow and black porcelain were burned.In the song and jin dynasties, it was mainly composed of white clay and black flower porcelain, which belonged to the cizhou kiln system.

Song hebi kiln twined flower porcelain pillow

7.Mi county kiln:

in today’s henan mi county, named.Began to burn in the tang dynasty and finally gold, more varieties, there are white porcelain, black porcelain, yellow porcelain, celadon and pearl to scratch flowers.

8.Dengfeng kiln:

Dengfeng kiln,named after dengfeng county, henan province, started in the tang dynasty, flourished in the northern song dynasty, and finally in the yuan dynasty, it mainly burned white porcelain, black porcelain and tri-colored pottery.

9.Lu shan kiln:

in today’s lu shan county, henan province, hence the name.Chuang burned in the tang dynasty and finally the yuan dynasty, the firing of flower enamel porcelain.

Tang dynasty lu shan kiln flower porcelain waist drum Beijing Palace Museum collection

10.Jiaxian kiln:

today jiaxian county in henan province, hence its name.Created and burned in the tang dynasty and finally in the yuan dynasty, they made porcelain with flower glaze, yellow porcelain and white porcelain, etc.

11.Large kiln shop kiln:

slightly

12.Gongxian kiln:

in present gongxian county, henan province, hence its name.In sui, tang and sui dynasties, celadon was burned, and white porcelain was mainly burned in tang dynasty. In addition, tricolor pottery, black porcelain, twisted tire and tea dust glaze also had a certain proportion.

13.Yiyang kiln:

sanli temple, yiyang city, henan province.For the song dynasty kiln.Mainly to burn green glaze, and burn white glaze, white glaze black flower and black glaze varieties.

Yiyang kiln

14.Baofeng kiln:

baofeng county, henan province, hence the name.Ceramic kiln for song dynasty.Products are white porcelain, celadon, low – temperature three – color pottery and so on.

15.Anyang kiln:

in today’s anyang city, henan province, near the northern suburbs of anyang bridge, so the name.After small-scale excavation, it is preliminarily identified as the celadon kiln site of sui dynasty.

16.Bianjing kiln:

the kiln directly operated by the government in bianjing (now kaifeng, henan province) in the late northern song dynasty.The official kiln was designed to serve the imperial court. This kiln followed the ru kiln in making porcelain for the imperial court.Ware more archaize, lanzhu dark gray or purple, glaze blue, white, enamel crystal moist, there are grains, there are purple mouth iron mouth characteristics, the bottom has a nail burn mark.The specific kiln site has not been found yet.

Bian city official kilns

17.East kiln:

near bianjing (present kaifeng, henan province).Burning bricks and tiles.

3,Fujian ceramic kiln

1.Jian kiln:

in today’s jianyang county, fujian province, hence its name. Celadon was burned in the late tang dynasty and the five dynasties, while black porcelain was mainly burned in the song dynasty.The building kiln was most famous for the black glazed porcelain that was abundant in the song dynasty, and the “rabbit cup” used for drinking tea was the most popular.

Song jian kiln black glaze rabbit lamp

2.Dehua kiln:

in today’s dehua county, fujian province, hence the name.In the song dynasty, white porcelain was burned in the song and yuan dynasties, and white porcelain was burned in the Ming dynasty. In the qing dynasty, white porcelain was further developed. Besides white porcelain, blue and white porcelain and painted porcelain were also burned.

Ming DE kiln he chaozong style white glaze dharma – Beijing Palace Museum collection

3.Tongan kiln:

in today’s fujian tongan county, hence the name.Chuangshao and the tang dynasty, song and yuan dynasty heyday, mainly to burn celadon, and burn blue white porcelain.Tongan celadon, known as “pearlescent celadon” in Japan.

4.Quanzhou kiln:

in this fujian quanzhou city, so the name.A total of 11 kiln sites were found, including wan yao township, magnetic stove and tong zi shan, mainly burning blue white porcelain, celadon porcelain and black porcelain, all in the song and yuan dynasties.

5.Anxi kiln:

in modern anxi county, fujian province, hence its name.In the song and yuan dynasties, white porcelain was mainly burned, while blue and white porcelain and red and green color porcelain were burned in the Ming and qing dynasties.

6.Nan ‘an kiln:

in nan ‘an county, fujian province.Kiln site for the song dynasty, there are nearly 50 kiln sites.It mainly produces celadon and white porcelain.

7.Chong ‘an kiln:

in today’s fujian chong ‘an, so the name.Eleven kiln sites have been found, eight in the song dynasty.Due to its close proximity to jianyang, a special kiln site for burning black porcelain was found.The person who burned the blue white porcelain found two places, the unearthed objects are plates, bowls, cups, dishes, washing and boxes, the quality of which is the best in the garden ridge kiln.Due to its proximity to jiangxi, qingbai porcelain was influenced by jingdezhen and nanfeng kilns.

8.Fuqing kiln:

in today’s fujian fuqing, hence the name.It is one of the ancient export porcelain producing areas in eastern fujian.In the 1950s, five kiln sites in the song dynasty were found in dongzhang district, east gate of the county, all of which were of the same type as those unearthed in similar kiln sites in the song dynasty in fujian province.

Fuqing kiln black glaze

9.Burnish kiln:

in today’s fujian burnish, hence the name.In the 1950s, I found a kiln site in maodian in the song dynasty. There were two kinds of relics, blue and white porcelain and black porcelain.Black porcelain for various types of tea, there are rabbit and sauce spot, but a few.

10.Lianjiang kiln:

in today’s fujian lianjiang, hence its name.It is one of the ancient export porcelain producing areas in the coastal area of eastern fujian.At the beginning of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, kiln sites in pukou and kuiqi were found in the song and yuan dynasties.

11.Minqing kiln:

in modern fujian minqing, hence the name.Porcelain was burned in the song and yuan dynasties, and a total of four sites were found, specializing in the burning of blue white porcelain, solid thin, diverse shapes, rich decoration, glaze is light gray, the color of green, fujian regional characteristics.

12.Putian kiln:

putian in modern fujian province, hence its name.It is one of the ancient export porcelain producing areas in the coastal area of eastern fujian.

13.Pucheng kiln:

pucheng in modern fujian province, hence its name.It was from the southern song dynasty to the early yuan dynasty.Celadon was burned on the back of the bowl kiln. Most of the relics were found in bowls, and a small number of bottles and jars were found. There were flat bottles with two rings with two ears and the word “fu shou” was printed on two sides.One in the mouth of the village, mainly to the blue and white porcelain, the body printed Yang pattern decoration.

In song dynasty pucheng kiln ewer with green and white glaze

14Xianyou kiln:

In the present fujian xianyou, the name.The kiln site was discovered in 1953, with celadon, blue and white porcelain and black porcelain specimens.


4,Jiangxi ceramic kiln

1.Jingdezhen kiln:

it is named as jingdezhen in jiangxi province. According to literature records, it was burned in the reign of tang xuande.Blue and white porcelain was fired in the song dynasty.Yuan dynasty blue and white porcelain continued to fire, and burn blue and white, glaze red and egg white glaze porcelain.Ming dynasty became the national porcelain production center, Ming and qing dynasties two generations of blue and white, color porcelain and single-color glaze porcelain, outstanding achievements, famous ears.

Jingdezhen kiln in the southern song dynasty blue and white glaze carved twined flowers pattern large porcelain plum vase

Yuan blue and white cloud dragon drive bead wrapped peony pattern with cover large pot

Ming yongle ji red dark dragon pattern high foot bowl

2.Hongzhou kiln:

in today’s jiangxi fengcheng county, the tang dynasty is hongzhou, so the name.It is one of the six producing areas of celadon in tang dynasty.It started in the eastern jin dynasty and ended in the late tang dynasty.

Southern and northern dynasties hongzhou kiln slag bucket

3.Bai she kiln:

in the present jiangxi nanfeng county bai she, hence the name.In the song and yuan dynasties, it was specialized in white and blue porcelain.

4.Qili town kiln :

located in the eastern suburb of ganzhou, jiangxi province.Beginning to burn in the late tang dynasty, sheng in the song dynasty, finally yuan.It has a history of more than 300 years.The kiln site is about one kilometer wide from east to west, with 16 kilns piled up, covering an area of more than 3,000 square meters.Qili town’s products are green glaze, white glaze, shadow green glaze and black glaze varieties.

5.Leping kiln:

it is famous for its location in leping county, jiangxi province.It was made around jiajing in the Ming dynasty.

6.Jizhou kiln:

in the present town of yonghe, ji ‘an, jiangxi province, jizhou was from sui to song dynasties, hence its name, also known as “yonghe kiln”.Burn in the five dynasties, prosperous in the southern song dynasty, yuan end stop burning.There are many kinds of porcelains, such as blue and white porcelain, celadon, black porcelain, paste glaze porcelain, green glaze and white ground and black flower.

Song jizhou kiln black glaze wood leaves tianmu tea cup

7.White margin kiln:

west province linchuan county white margin du area, hence the name “white margin kiln”.It was made from the southern dynasty to the song dynasty.

8.Fengcheng kiln:

in jiangxi fengcheng temple in front of the mountain area, so the name.The fire started in the eastern jin dynasty and went through the southern dynasty to the tang dynasty.

9.Ganzhou kiln:

in today’s jiangxi ganzhou, hence the name.Beginning to burn in the song dynasty, burning blue white porcelain, engraved patterns;Yuan dynasty burned blue white porcelain, black glaze and longquan glaze.

10.Nanfeng kiln:

in today’s nanfeng, jiangxi province, hence the name.First seen in the yuan dynasty jiang qi “tao ji road” book, that and jingdezhen competitors have this kiln.It was discovered in the 1960s, and after further investigation in the 1970s, it was found that it was a single type of specially burned blue and white porcelain.Began to burn in the song dynasty, the burned utensils to the main, there are pot, cup holder, box and pillow, decoration to cut flowers in the majority, there are carved on the plum grain, paste mouth carved bowls, not seen in other white and blue porcelain kilns.

Song to yuan nan feng kiln green and white glaze engraved pattern bowl

 

5,The northern ceramic kiln

1.Pingding kiln:

in today’s shanxi pingding county, so the name.Began to burn in the tang dynasty and finally gold, mainly to burn white porcelain, and burn black porcelain.

2.Jiexiu kiln:

in this shanxi jiexiu county, so the name.Created and burned in the early song dynasty, through the fourth generations of the jin, yuan, Ming and qing dynasties, it mainly burned white porcelain, and also burned black porcelain, white glaze black flower and yellow-brown glaze printing porcelain.

The song dynasty jiexiu kiln white and black flower pot

3.Huo kiln:

in this shanxi huo county, so the name.Also known as peng kiln.Created and burned in gold and sheng in yuan, ended in the qing dynasty, mainly to burn white porcelain.

4.Datong kiln:

in today’s shanxi datong city, hence the name.It started in the yuan dynasty.Mainly burned black porcelain, with a small amount of tea powder glaze porcelain.

5.Hunyuan kiln:

in the present hunyuan county, shanxi, so the name.Beginning in the tang dynasty, and finally the yuan dynasty, the main products are white porcelain and black porcelain.

Ming or earlier hunyuan kiln sauce glaze

6.Huairen kiln:

in today’s shanxi huairen county, hence the name.First burned in the jin dynasty, after the yuan and Ming dynasties, mainly to burn black porcelain.

7.Yangcheng kiln:

yangcheng county, shanxi, hence the name.The kiln site was found in 1980 by the kiln bank outside the dongguan pass in yangcheng.Mainly to fire white porcelain, mostly for dishes, bowls and other daily utensils.The tire color is gray, in order to increase whiteness, all apply white makeup soil.

8.Yuxian kiln:

yuxian in Shanxi Province.In 1977, the kiln site was discovered in the magnetic kiln slope of yuxian county, Shanxi Province.The main products are white porcelain.Have the adornment such as printing, engraved also some with hollow out adornment implement foot.

9.Puzhou kiln:

in yongji, Shanxi Province, puzhou is a famous kiln in the north of yuan dynasty.It is famous for its flower-making wares, its fetal bones are made of clay, and its porcelains are made of bright and beautiful glaze, blue as precious stones, purple as amethyte (grape purple), yellow as gold leaf, and malachite green as gold, especially as it is beautiful.Flower patterns to flowers for many, also useful kaiguang method for the eight immortals or character stories.

10.Changzhi kiln:

in the present shanxi changzhi bayi town, hence the name.There are white glaze, white glaze red and green color, white glaze black flower and black glaze four kinds.

11.Jiaocheng kiln:

in present shanxi jiaocheng, hence the name.Beginning to burn in tang dynasty, with the largest output of white glaze, dish, bowl, pot and other utensils, also found that there are black glaze spots beat drum fragments more.In the song dynasty, there were some developments, mainly white porcelain, as well as small animal sculptures seen in various kilns in the north at that time.

12.Yuci kiln:

in the present shanxi taiyuan mengjia well, mengjia well Ming dynasty is a number of yuci county, so the name.A large amount of porcelain pieces are left in the kiln site, most of which are printed bowls with white glaze, and the glaze is scraped around the center of the bowls.

Quality kiln

 

6,Shaanxi ceramic kiln

1.Yao zhou kiln:

in the present shaanxi tongchuan city, song belongs to yao zhou, hence the name.The fire began in the tang dynasty, reached its peak in the middle of the northern song dynasty, and finally reached the yuan dynasty.Tang tri-color, white porcelain, celadon, black porcelain and paste glaze porcelain and other varieties, celadon is the most famous.

Song yao zhou kiln blue glaze engraved baby opera bowl – Beijing Palace Museum collection

2.XunYi kiln:

Xunyi kiln was named xunyi county in shaanxi province.Porcelain in gold, yuan, mainly celadon.Due to its close proximity to yaozhou porcelain, porcelain firing has the characteristics of yaozhou kiln.

7,shandong ceramic kiln

1.Zibo kiln:

in today’s shandong zibo city, so the name.According to archaeological findings, the kiln site is located in zhaili, where porcelain is burned. It is the only celadon kiln site in the northern part of the southern and northern dynasties that has been found so far.Another in the magnetic village, began to burn in the tang dynasty and finally yuan dynasty.In tang dynasty, black porcelain was mainly burned, while in song dynasty, white porcelain was mainly burned.

Gold generation zibo kiln line tank

2.Xing kiln:

in today’s neichu county, hebei province, tang was xingzhou.So the name.Mainly white porcelain, it is the most famous white porcelain kiln in the tang dynasty, as well as celadon produced by the famous yue kiln at the same time.White porcelain is divided into two categories.

Five – generation xing kiln white glaze tiger – shaped pillow

3.Ding kiln:

in the present hebei quyang county, song is dingzhou, so the name.It began to burn in tang dynasty and ended in yuan dynasty. It mainly burned white porcelain, and also burned black porcelain, sauce colored glaze porcelain and green glaze porcelain. It was one of the five famous kilns in song dynasty.

White porcelain baby pillow – Taipei Palace Museum

4.Cizhou kiln:

in the present hebei county, song is a cizhou, so the name.Beginning in the song dynasty, finally Ming dynasty.Products to burn white porcelain, black porcelain, a wide variety of white glaze black flower, white glaze sauce color, white glaze green spot, white glaze brown spot, pearl, green glaze black color, red green color and so on, with white glaze black flower as the main characteristics, is the representative of northern folk kiln song dynasty.

Song dynasty cizhou kiln black pick dragon pattern plum bottle

5.Quyang kiln:

because in hebei province quyang county jingjian magnetic village, so the name.This is the famous white porcelain producing area of ding kiln in song dynasty.Under the accumulation layer of the northern song dynasty in jiancicun kiln area, there are fragments of yellow glaze, yellow green glaze, brown green glaze and white glaze bowls and basins of the five dynasties in the late tang dynasty.

6.Jia bi village kiln:

the kiln site is located in jia bi village, cixian county, hebei province.Is a representative in the north of the sui dynasty celadon kiln.

7.Jiangguantun kiln:

in liaoyang city, liaoning province.Liao jin period for the people’s kiln.Chuang burned in the late liao dynasty, sheng in gold.Mainly white glaze coarse porcelain, and white glaze black flower ware, black glaze ware, tricolor, etc.White glaze color white and yellowish, black glaze color pure black.The burning utensils, to dishes, bowls, cups, plates, bottles and other living utensils for more.Uniform rotation makeup soil, black glaze products more rough big.

Jinjiang guantun cellar white glaze double ears pot

8.Liaoyang kiln:

in modern liaoning liaoyang or 30 km jiangguantun, hence the name.Porcelain is mainly white glaze coarse porcelain, but also a small amount of white ground black flower, black porcelain and tricolor pottery.

9.Upper jingyao kiln, liao dynasty:

it was named in the imperial city of lindong town, baring left banner, zhaowuda league, Inner Mongolia.For the late liao dynasty guan yao.The scale of the kiln is not large, but the porcelain is fine.According to the remaining pieces, the porcelain shell is very fine, white paper, no make-up, high degree of porcelain, no water absorption.Glaze more pure white, occasionally light blue or flashing blue, also have black glaze and low temperature green glaze.Vessels have long neck bottle, long handle ewer, begonia-style long plate and square plate, etc.The plates, bowls, bottles, POTS, pans, boxes and other vessels imitated from kiln products are extremely fine.

10.Lindong kiln:

lindong town, balin left banner, zhaowudameng, liaoning, hence the name “lindong kiln”.Liao dynasty for the people’s kiln, large scale kiln, special tea green glaze and black glaze large coarse porcelain.Thick thick thick thick thick thick thick thick, high hardness and firm.The most tea leaves green glaze ware was chicken leg bottle.Black glaze is more porcelain, pot, which is the double – ear pot.

11.Chifeng kiln:

also known as “cylinder tile kiln.”In this Inner Mongolia zhao wumeng chifeng 60 kilometers southwest of the cylinder tile kiln tun, so the name.Kiln tools with “guan” inscription were unearthed in the kiln site, which proved to be guan kiln of liao dynasty.The burners include white porcelain, black flowers on white ground, tricolor and colored pottery.

12.Ankou kiln:

pingliang in gansu province, ankou in huating, because of its name.Old “longshang kiln” said.It was first burned in the tang dynasty and then in the song and yuan dynasties to make black porcelain “rust flowers” and celadon.To Ming and qing dynasties, black pottery and white pottery were fired, mainly for daily use.

13.Lanzhou kiln:

in today’s lanzhou, gansu province, hence the name.

8,The south ceramic kiln

1.Changsha kiln:

in today’s tongguan town, changsha city, hunan province, also known as tongguan kiln.It was an important celadon kiln in the south of tang dynasty.

Tang dynasty changsha kiln yellow glaze brown color flower bird dish

2.Yuezhou kiln:

in today’s xiangyin county, hunan province, the tang dynasty belongs to yuezhou, so the name, porcelain in the sui, tang and five dynasties, the tang dynasty is one of the six celadon producing areas.

3.Xiangyin kiln:

in today’s hunan xiangyin, so the name.It is one of the six producing areas of celadon in tang dynasty.A total of three sites were found, with the county site as the earliest, unearthed relics are with the style of the sui dynasty, the body of the device is more than printed pattern decoration, only high foot plate heart decoration is more than 30 kinds, which is rarely seen in other kilns of the same period.

4.Shouzhou kiln:

in today’s anhui province huainan city, tang is shouzhou, so the name.There are six kiln sites in the sui and tang dynasties.

Tang shouzhou kiln yellow glaze four series bottles

5.Xiao kiln:

in the present anhui xiaoxian white soil town, hence the name.Burn in the tang dynasty, and finally gold.The tang dynasty burned yellow, white and black glaze porcelain, after the song dynasty mainly burned white porcelain.

6.Fanchang kiln:

in today’s anhui fanchang county, so the name.In the song dynasty, porcelain was specially burned blue and white porcelain.

7.Huainan kiln:

it is known as huainan in anhui province.It was a celadon kiln in sui dynasty.There are four series of vessels, high – footed plates, small – mouth POTS and so on.

8.Sizhou kiln:

in the territory of sizhou (now sixian county, anhui province), hence the name.It started in the song dynasty.It is famous for its white porcelain.

SiZhou kiln

 

9,Jiangsu ceramic kiln

1.Junshan kiln:

junshan mountain in dingshu town, yixing city, jiangsu province.It was the celadon kiln site from the late wu dynasty to the tang dynasty.Common celadon varieties are bowl, bowl, cup, wash, pot, pot and so on.Green glaze often make bean green, slightly yellow, full of black glaze, glaze outside not in the end.Decorative patterns include string patterns, water ripples, diagonal grid patterns, beaded patterns and shop heads.

10,Sichuan ceramic kiln

1.Qionglai kiln:

Qionglai kiln is named in today’s qionglai county, sichuan province.Chuang burned in the southern dynasty, is an important celadon kiln in sichuan during the sui and tang dynasties.

2.Peng county kiln:

in today’s sichuan peng county, named.It is the only white porcelain kiln site found in sichuan province.

3.Qingyang palace kiln:

in today’s sichuan chengdu qingyang palace, so the name.Beginning in the southern dynasty, ending in the late tang dynasty, the five dynasties, mainly to fire celadon.

4.Guangyuan kiln:

in today’s sichuan guangyuan county, hence the name.It was burned in the tang dynasty and stopped burning in the late southern song dynasty.There are many kinds of porcelains, mainly black porcelains, and black glaze, green glaze, yellow glaze and so on.

5.Dayi kiln:

in today’s sichuan dayi, hence the name.Sichuan dayi tang dynasty, the name.Sichuan area for the tang dynasty white porcelain production.

6.Huayang kiln:

also known as “liulichang” or “liulichang kiln”.In today’s sichuan chengdu huanyang shengli township village, hence the name.Built in the song dynasty, porcelain varieties of yellow glaze and yellow glaze green color, relics to green painting more, there are yellow glaze green color basin, the center of the basin engraved double fish pattern, two fish swim against the water, supplemented by water grass, natural lines smooth, there is a higher level.

11,yunnan ceramic kiln

1.Yuxi kiln:

yuxi city, yunnan province.Created and burned in the song and yuan dynasties, but stopped in the Ming dynasty. Celadon and blue and white porcelain were fired.

Yuan blue and white, yunnan yuxi kiln

2.West village kiln:

in today’s guangzhou west village, hence the name.In the song dynasty, there were three kinds of porcelain, namely blue and white porcelain, blue and white porcelain and black porcelain.

Song xicun kiln green and white glaze carved flower and phoenix head pot

3.Chaozhou kiln:

in today’s chaoan county, guangdong province, tang and song dynasties belong to chaozhou, hence the name.It started in the tang dynasty and ended in the song dynasty.Celadon and brown glaze were burned in tang dynasty, and white celadon and black porcelain were mainly burned in song dynasty.

4.Huiyang kiln:

in the territory of huizhou (today’s guangdong huiyang), hence the name.Two kiln sites were found:

One  in yaotou mountain, created and burned in the song dynasty, it was mainly made of blue and white porcelain, with unstable glaze color, including blue and white, yellow, light yellow and light gray, decorated with printing and engraving, with rich themes and diverse shapes.

One  in baima mountain, created and burned in the middle of the Ming dynasty, specializing in celadon, carved chrysanthemum petals on the outside of the bowl, inking the word “blessing and longevity” on the inside. This kind of celadon was produced in large quantities in longquan kiln of zhejiang province. Baima mountain kiln should belong to longquan kiln system.

12,Guangxi ceramic kiln

1.Yongfu kiln:

in today’s yongfu county, guangxi, it is named. Celadon was mainly burned in the song dynasty.

2.Rattan county kiln:

in this guangxi rattan county, so the name.Porcelain was burned in the late tang and song dynasties, celadon and brown glaze were burned in the late tang and white porcelain was burned in the song dynasty.

3.Rongxian kiln:

in the territory of rongzhou (now rongxian county of guangxi zhuang autonomous region), named after it, it was built in the song dynasty. Two kiln sites were found:

One in the west county, burning white porcelain, relics to the bowl most, in addition to cups, cups, dishes, POTS, POTS and other utensils;

One in the east of the county, the main fire green glaze, green color tone and low temperature lead glaze is different, relics have a small bowl of printed twinned chrysanthemum grain, decorative layout as the northern yao zhou ceramic kiln style, only white and thin, green glaze beautiful.

Rong county kiln black glaze tiger skin spotted tea cup

4.Xingan kiln:

in the present guangxi zhuang autonomous region near xingan yan guan, hence the name.Began to burn in the song dynasty, the ground relics to celadon accounted for the main proportion, there are black glaze and tortoiseshell glaze specimens;Decoration is mostly printing, printing pottery fan also found, printing bowl with lotus and water lines and shoushan fu hai inscription.

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