The glaze colors adds luster, making ceramic more beautiful, natural.
1,On the glaze color
Glaze color, tied to the ceramic has been burned for painting, and then baked in the brocade kiln.It is rich in color, but easy to fade and change color.Glaze color originated in song cizhou kiln, beginning to say “song red and green color.”To the Ming dynasty, glaze single color and a variety of color production, has been very developed.After the qing dynasty, glaze color more innovation, there are colorful, enamel color, powder color, color bucket.
Confetti was a new variety of jingdezhen kiln in Ming and qing dynasties, which was developed on the basis of adding color to glaze in song and yuan dynasties.Ming dynasty color materials without blue color, blue and white instead, known as “blue and white multicolored”, has become a unique feature of The Times, with jiajing, wanli multicolored as representative.
Enamel is the most characteristic ceramic used by the qing dynasty royal family.From the strong and solemn color of kangxi to the light and simple elegance of yongzheng, to the delicate and complicated elegance of qianlong, the enamel is concentrated with western charm.
Fencai ceramic is enamel color, qing court and a fire color ceramic.The foundation containing arsenic is applied on the burned glaze and washed with a brush after applying the pigment.
Doucai also known as the funny color, China’s traditional ceramic craft treasures.Created and burned in the Ming dynasty xuande years, the Ming chenghua period of the fight color is most respected, is under the glaze color (blue and white) and glaze color combination of a decorative variety.
2,Under the glaze color
The so-called “underglaze color”, refers to the underglaze painted, that is, painted on the body after coating a colorless transparent glaze.Its characteristic is the color smooth downy, light refined, not easy to wear, not easy to change color.Underglaze color was originated in changsha kiln of tang dynasty.It began as underglaze brown color, decoration is relatively simple;Then it developed into brown and green.After song and yuan dynasties, there appeared many new varieties including blue and white, underglaze red, underglaze multicolored and so on.
Blue and white
Blue and white ceramic is also known as white and white ceramic, often referred to as blue and white, Chinese ceramic firing process treasures.It is one of the main varieties of Chinese ceramic, which belongs to underglaze colored ceramic.
Underglaze red, ceramic glaze color decoration of one of the methods, created in the yuan dynasty jingdezhen.The color material containing metal copper as the color agent is painted on the surface of the ceramic body by the required pattern pattern, and then covered with a colorless transparent glaze, and then into the kiln at 1300℃ or so in the high temperature reduction-flame atmosphere in a firing.
Under the glaze colorful
Xiazukai is a traditional famous ceramic originated in the late qing dynasty in liling city, hunan province.During more than ten years of initial firing, it won many international awards and became famous all over the world, known as “the peak of Oriental ceramic art”.
Chinese ceramic is famous for its traditional color glaze.Also known as “celadon glaze”.Ancient southern green glaze is the earliest color glaze of ceramic.Alleged “green glaze”, color is not pure green, have: moon white, azure, pink green, plum green, bean green, bean green, emerald green, but how much always can pan out a bit green green.The main varieties are pink green, plum green and so on.
Powder blue is a kind of glaze color, one of the varieties of green glaze.Take the iron as the main coloring element, the glaze is thicker, after enters the kiln through the high temperature reduction flame to burn, the glaze color green in the powder white, like the sapphire, therefore the name.The powder blue glaze is made by longquan kiln in the southern song dynasty, which is one of the main glaze colors of longquan celadon younger kiln.
The use of repeated glazing, glazing layer is thicker than the powder blue, after the kiln by high temperature strong reduction flame burning, glaze color ying run green, like green plum, so the name.Plum green glaze is an outstanding variety created by longquan kiln in southern song dynasty.It is a new celadon glaze color of longquan kiln in southern song dynasty.
White glaze is one of the traditional glaze colors of ceramic.China’s ancient only yuan dynasty mature government glaze is lost through, other white glaze is not white glaze, but, into the kiln high temperature firing and become transparent glaze, glaze color because of the white run ceramic body set off and show white, now used to this kind of transparent glaze also known as white glaze.Main varieties are egg white glaze, sweet white glaze, ivory white glaze, etc.
Egg white glaze
Egg white glaze is a kind of high temperature glaze newly created by jingdezhen kiln in yuan dynasty.
Sweet white glaze
Sweet white is a white glaze created by yongle kiln.Because many of yongle white ceramic products are so thin that they are half out of shape, they can be seen by light.On the thin surface with dark flowers and carved patterns, a white glaze as soft as jade is applied to give people a feeling of “sweet”, hence the name “sweet white”.
Ivory white glaze
Name of glaze.Glaze contains metal titanium oxide, white in yellow, like ivory texture, so the name.Song ding kiln, Ming DE kiln firing.
5,The black glaze
Black glaze is one of the glaze colors of ancient ceramic.The main colorants for black glaze are iron oxide and a small or trace amount of manganese, cobalt, copper, chromium and other oxidation colorants.Black glaze glaze for lime glaze and lime alkali glaze two categories.The main varieties are rabbit harem glaze, oil drops and so on.
Rabbit harem also background color is dark cyanosis black, and with auburn harem light, silk and hair like veins for the brown brown brown background color foil, very coordinated.
Oil drop glaze on the black glaze scattered with a silver-gray metallic luster, different sizes of small dots like oil drops, is one of the black ceramic products in shanxi.
The appearance of red glaze can be traced back to the early years of the northern song dynasty.Divide copper red glaze and iron red glaze two kinds again.The main varieties of copper red glaze are bright red, lang kiln red, ruby red, glaze red, etc.The main varieties of iron glaze are alum red, coral red and so on.
The copper red glaze
Copper red glaze is a red glaze which contains copper as colorant and is burned by reducing flame.Theoretically speaking, copper oxide is used as hair colorant and calcined in reducing flame to obtain bright red color, which is copper red glaze.
Lang cellar red
Iron oxide red glaze
Iron red glaze is a typical split-phase glaze.The glaze is tawny or sea cucumber brown, on which there are iron-rich orange-red globose or lotus leaf-shaped isolated flower crystal big safflower patterns. The whole vessel has a rare, noble and solemn texture.
Yellow glaze is the traditional ceramic decorative art of the han nationality.It first appeared in the tang dynasty.But the yellow glaze, or ru kiln high temperature yellow glaze – tea dust glaze.Its main varieties are jiaohuang, turmeric, beeswax yellow, egg yolk and so on.
The egg yolk