Jade chinese ,the history
Everything has its own growth process. Jade chinese culture has formed a very complete system at present, so what kind of development process did it go through at the beginning?Let’s find out.
Based on archaeological data, we can know that jade already existed in every aspect of people’s life in the neolithic age.
However, the jadeware excavated by today’s archaeological excavation was found to be of low artistic value after careful appreciation, which may be due to the lack of experience in making jadeware at that time, so the shape of jadeware created was very simple.
In addition, jade carving technology and tools are limited, so the jade itself is mostly without decoration.
2,Xia, shang and zhou dynasties
By this time, jade became a symbol of ritual ware and political status, and its shape and decorations were gradually enriched.
As the development of jade has gone through a period of time, jade manufacturing techniques have been improved.Coupled with the development of culture, people’s ability to appreciate art has been greatly improved, so they have a deeper understanding of how to beautify the jade itself.
For example, jade chinese products in the shang and zhou dynasties were often engraved with patterns such as dragon, phoenix and cloud patterns.
3,Spring and autumn period and warring states period
During the spring and autumn period and the warring states period, jade was already the carrier of the dissemination of Confucian ideology and culture.During this period, there were more than 30 jadeware varieties, including bi, cong, zui, jue, pei, huan, tube, bead, etc. Some scholars classified them into four categories according to their USES: ceremonial jade, funeral jade, decorative jade, practical jade.
According to this can clearly feel that this period of jade production more exquisite, delicate, but also more skilled grasp of the type.
So it can be seen that in this period, both the appearance of jade and its cultural value have been further enriched.
4,Han, wei and jin dynasties
Generally speaking, the jade wares of wei, jin, southern and northern dynasties were much inferior to those of the han dynasty.During the wei, jin and southern and northern dynasties, jade chinese culture was in a transitional period from classical to medieval evolution.
During this period, jade wares were mainly used for decoration and practical appreciation, and began to go to the folk. The carving style was characterized by simplicity, simplified use and simple decoration.
5,In the tang and song dynasties
For the history of jade chinese wares, the jade wares of tang and song dynasties opened a new chapter.
Starting from the tang dynasty, with the transformation of historical background and the entry of culture and art from central Asia and west Asia into central China, jade gradually lost its mysterious and sacred aura and entered ordinary people’s homes.
In the song dynasty, due to the rapid development of urban economy and the rise of the civil class, the commercialization and secularization of jade wares were accelerating.
Since the tang dynasty, the selection of jade has mostly used hetian jade.Jade patterns during this period have been more complete, carving lines are very delicate and distinct.
Since the tang dynasty, flower patterns have been used on jade wares, carving flowers similar to real objects.
6,The yuan dynasty
The jade chinese wares of yuan dynasty were developed on the basis of inheriting the jade wares of song dynasty, liao dynasty and jin dynasty.
Yuan-dynasty jade materials to hetian white jade, green white jade based on the processing technology is representative of the multi-layer hollow out.
In the yuan dynasty, the technique of multi-layer hollowing has been developed to the extreme. In addition to carving out double-layer patterns on the plane, it can also be carved on jade materials with five or six layers of flowers, and each layer has distinct layers with strong perspective effect.
7,During the Ming and qing dynasties
The jade chinese wares of Ming and qing dynasties are in various shapes and forms.Especially in the qing dynasty, the jade workers were good at drawing on the achievements of painting, carving and arts and crafts, and the collection of Yin line, Yang line, hollow out, pretty color and other traditional works and the great achievements of the artistic styles of all dynasties.
In addition, it has absorbed the influence of foreign art, mixed it with other forms, and created and developed the treatment of jade with strong technicality and decoration, which has distinct characteristics of The Times and high artistic attainments.
Since the reform and opening up, jade carving industry has been growing.With the development and progress of technology, hetian jade carving techniques have been greatly improved, jade carvers can be completely unrestrained, will imagine the perfect display of things in the works.
The value of hetian jade itself plus the artistic value of craft technology has reflected considerable collection value in today’s society.