ceramic kiln:118 kinds of most valuable Chinese ceramic kilns

ceramic Kiln site: according to archaeological data, mature porcelain appeared in the eastern han dynasty, with a history of more than 1,800 years.The Three Kingdoms, the two jin and the southern and northern dynasties were the periods when the porcelain industry in the south of the Yangtze river was developing rapidly. ceramic Kilns were set up in the east in the Yangtze river, zhejiang, fujian and jiangxi in the southeast coast, and in the west in the two lakes and sichuan in the upper reaches of the Yangtze river.

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Now the data of most ceramic kiln in different periods of the country are taken for reference:


1,Zhejiang ceramic kiln

1.Ou kiln:

in today’s wenzhou, zhejiang province, the han dynasty has been the production of original porcelain, until the tang and song dynasties became the territory of zhejiang only second to yue ceramic kiln celadon kiln.

Five – generation ou kiln green glaze gourd – shaped meander pot with cover

2.Yuhang kiln:

in today’s zhejiang yuhang, so the name.It is another early black porcelain producing area after deqing ceramic kiln.Two kiln sites were found, which were similar to deqing kiln.Black glaze kettles left more ground, there are three forms of medium and small, when the production is larger.

3.Wuzhou kiln:

in present jinhua area of zhejiang province, tang dynasty belongs to wuzhou, hence its name.It is one of the six producing areas of celadon in tang dynasty.The fire began in The Three Kingdoms, tang and song dynasties when the kiln expanded, became a famous celadon production area.

4.Deqing kiln:

it is named because it is located in deqing county, zhejiang province.Dozens of kiln sites have been found in deqing county, which is an ancient kiln site famous for black porcelain and celadon.It is one of the earliest places of black porcelain found in zhejiang.It has a long history, which goes back to shang and zhou, han, six dynasties and tang and song dynasties.

Deqing kiln in the eastern jin dynasty kettles with chicken head double – series dish mouth

5.Yinxian kiln:

in yinxian county, zhejiang province.Xiaobai city, shaye river and guo jia zhi have been found in three places.The other two were the five dynasties and the northern song dynasty.The modeling, decoration and firing method are very similar to yuyao shanglinhu yue kiln.

6.Longquan kiln:

in today’s zhejiang longquan county, so the name.In the early northern song dynasty, the late southern song dynasty reached its peak, and gradually declined after the middle Ming dynasty.

Song dynasty longquan porcelain plum green five tube bottle

7.Official kiln:

after song shu went to the south, a new official kiln was built in Lin ‘an (now hangzhou). The official ceramic kiln was first built to repair the internal kiln, and then the official kiln under the suburban altar. The kiln site of repairing the internal kiln has not been found so far.

8.Wuyi kiln:

in today’s zhejiang wuyi, hence its name.In recent years, through investigation, dozens of celadon kiln sites have been found in China, most of which belong to the song dynasty. There are many bowls in which porcelains are burned, which are decorated with labyrinth lines and engraved on the outside.Yuan dynasty ruins more than burning longquan glaze plate bowl, in the center of the more Yin yinwen hui, occasionally with eight, a few.

9.Xishan kiln:

xishan in wenzhou, zhejiang, hence the name.Five dynasties, northern song dynasty, celadon.Embryo color gray or light blue white, more delicate quality.Glaze layer hypertrophic, mainly light blue, a few pieces.Decoration to carve lotus petals mainly.

Xishan kiln

10.Wu xingyao:

wuxing in zhejiang province, hence its name.For the eastern jin dynasty tang and song dynasty porcelain ceramic kiln, the body color is gray, utensils with flat bottom in the majority.Green glaze color yellow, some in the glaze add brown, glaze has a piece.

11.Xiangshan kiln:

in today’s zhejiang xiangshan, hence the name.According to the Ming and qing dynasty description that burn white porcelain, like ding kiln porcelain and coarse;After investigation, it was determined that the tang dynasty has burned celadon.The site area is not large, there are not many left specimens, and the dishes and bowls are mainly burned. The shape of straight and flat bowl is the same as that of lishui, wuxing, yuyao and other kilns in zhejiang province, which is popular in the early tang dynasty.

12.Shaoxing fusheng kiln:

it is famous for its location in fusheng, shaoxing county, zhejiang province.It was the kiln where the original celadon and ink-pattern hard pottery were fired in the same kiln in the warring states period.Hard pottery and original celadon were burned in the same kiln, but the products were quite different.

Shaoxing fusheng kiln

13.Huangyan kiln:

famous in huangyan city, zhejiang province.Celadon was found from the eastern han dynasty to the tang and song dynasties.

14.Shaoxing kiln:

in today’s zhejiang shaoxing, hence its name.Two ceramic kiln sites have been found: one is in changzhuyuan area of fusheng district, which belongs to the spring and autumn period and the warring states period. The relics include original porcelain bowls with spiral patterns, which is one of the early kiln sites in zhejiang province.In xiapuxi area, relics such as clay POTS and POTS are mostly printed with ribbon mesh and shop head decoration, with the characteristics of the wu and western jin dynasties.

15.Xiaoshan kiln:

xiaoshan city, zhejiang province, so the name.The period from the spring and autumn period to the eastern jin dynasty.The kiln site in the eastern jin dynasty was discovered in 1954.The tire color is gray, the bowl plate has a burn mark for the flat foot.Utensils to basin, bowl, pan and other large mouth for more.

16.Lishui kiln:

Lishui kiln is famous in lishui city, zhejiang province.Longquan kiln system, has found more than 20 kiln accumulation.The main age of the yuan dynasty.The porcelain is coarse.Glazes have green glazes, gray glazes, black glazes.The glaze color of gray glaze is close to shade blue.

17.Taishun kiln:

in today’s zhejiang taishun, hence the name.It is a complete body with large mouth and small bottom. When loading the blank, it can be loaded with small implement first. According to the size, it can be loaded with 9 pieces.The glaze color of the burned utensils slants gray, and there are concise engraved patterns.

18.Cixi kiln:

in today’s zhejiang cixi du hubin lake area, so the name.It is a newly discovered celadon producing area adjacent to yuyao.The products are mainly made of pot ash, and there are various styles of pot. The belly is decorated with carved flowers and scratched flowers.The glaze color is more green gray, color is special, but the porcelain is brittle and easy to break.

Cixi kiln:

19.Dongyang kiln:

in today’s zhejiang dongyang, so the name.In the sixties, nine ceramic kiln sites were found, and in the late seventies, there were further discoveries.The fire began in tang dynasty and ended in song dynasty. It belongs to wuzhou and the porcelain burned belongs to wuzhou kiln system.

20.Ningbo kiln:

ningbo in modern zhejiang, so the name.Three kiln sites, guotang ‘ao, yunhu and xiaodong ‘ao, have been discovered. The earliest history of guotang ‘ao kiln in porcelain firing is that in the later period of the eastern han dynasty, the kiln of burning green and black porcelain are similar to shangyu and xiaodan kilns.

21.Ge kiln:

song dynasty one of the five famous kilns.Ge kiln more imitation of three generations of bronze ware style, glaze open pieces shaped like ice crack, grain pieces yellow and black, because of the gold wire, said.Handed down more, more collection in the Palace Museum.After many investigations and excavations in longquan kiln, no specimens have been found and the question whether the kiln belongs to longquan kiln system remains to be confirmed.

Song ge kiln green glaze tube – Beijing Palace Museum collection

22.Jiangshan kiln:

jiangyao tun, liaoyang city, liaoning province.Liao jin period for the people’s ceramic kiln.Chuang burned in the late liao dynasty, sheng in gold.Mainly white glaze coarse porcelain, and white glaze black flower ware, black glaze ware, tricolor, etc.White glaze color white and yellowish, black glaze color pure black.

23,Shangyu kiln:

shangyu in modern zhejiang, hence its name.More than 300 kiln sites have been found, which is the most developed county in China.Porcelain firing from the eastern han dynasty to the song dynasty.

24.Linhai kiln:

in today’s zhejiang linhai, hence its name.Celadon was burned in two kiln sites. One was in wukong ‘ao, and the porcelain was burned between the southern dynasty and the early tang dynasty.

25.Secret color kiln:

yutao shanglinhu yue kiln in zhejiang, one of the six celadon producing areas in tang dynasty.The name of the secret color began to see in the late tang dynasty xu Yin “gong yu secret color tea cup poem”, tang people did not add notes to this;Zhao delin of the southern song dynasty “hou makerlu” interpretation for: “today’s secret color porcelain, the word qian shi guo, yue zhou burned into the offerings, not the common use of the minister, so cloud secret color.

Tang dynasty five – petal kuikou concave bottom deep belly secret color porcelain plate

 

 

 

2,Henan ceramic kiln

1.Raking village kiln:

in today’s henan yu county raking village, hence the name.Chuang burned in the tang dynasty, finally yuan, is a cizhou kiln system, mainly to burn white ground black flower porcelain.

Dragon pattern meiping in the song dynasty – Shanghai museum collection

2.Ru kiln:

in the present henan baofeng county, song belongs to ruzhou, the name.Celadon is one of the five famous kilns in song dynasty.

Song ru kiln azure glaze dish – Beijing imperial palace collection

3.Jun kiln:

in the area of bagua cave and jun tai, yu county, henan province, the jin dynasty belongs to jun zhou. It is named as jun tai or jun zhou.It began to be burned in the tang dynasty and flourished in the late northern song dynasty. During the jin and yuan dynasties, it continued to be burned, mainly to produce opacified celadon glaze, as well as black porcelain and white ground black flower porcelain. It was one of the five famous kilns in the song dynasty.

Song jun kiln rose purple glaze rectangular flower pot

4.Dangyangyu kiln:

in today xiuwu county, henan dangyang yu, so the name.Porcelain in the song dynasty, white porcelain, black porcelain, paste glaze porcelain, white glaze flowers and twisted tire and other varieties.

Song dangyang yu kiln cylindrical cover cylinder

5.Linru kiln:

linru county in today’s henan province, hence its name.In the song and jin dynasties, celadon was mainly fired.

6.Hebi kiln:

in today’s hebi city, henan province, so the name.It began in the tang dynasty and ended in the yuan dynasty, when white, yellow and black porcelain were burned.In the song and jin dynasties, it was mainly composed of white clay and black flower porcelain, which belonged to the cizhou kiln system.

Song hebi kiln twined flower porcelain pillow

7.Mi county kiln:

in today’s henan mi county, named.Began to burn in the tang dynasty and finally gold, more varieties, there are white porcelain, black porcelain, yellow porcelain, celadon and pearl to scratch flowers.

8.Dengfeng kiln:

Dengfeng kiln,named after dengfeng county, henan province, started in the tang dynasty, flourished in the northern song dynasty, and finally in the yuan dynasty, it mainly burned white porcelain, black porcelain and tri-colored pottery.

9.Lu shan kiln:

in today’s lu shan county, henan province, hence the name.Chuang burned in the tang dynasty and finally the yuan dynasty, the firing of flower enamel porcelain.

Tang dynasty lu shan kiln flower porcelain waist drum Beijing Palace Museum collection

10.Jiaxian kiln:

today jiaxian county in henan province, hence its name.Created and burned in the tang dynasty and finally in the yuan dynasty, they made porcelain with flower glaze, yellow porcelain and white porcelain, etc.

11.Large kiln shop kiln:

slightly

12.Gongxian kiln:

in present gongxian county, henan province, hence its name.In sui, tang and sui dynasties, celadon was burned, and white porcelain was mainly burned in tang dynasty. In addition, tricolor pottery, black porcelain, twisted tire and tea dust glaze also had a certain proportion.

13.Yiyang kiln:

sanli temple, yiyang city, henan province.For the song dynasty kiln.Mainly to burn green glaze, and burn white glaze, white glaze black flower and black glaze varieties.

Yiyang kiln

14.Baofeng kiln:

baofeng county, henan province, hence the name.Ceramic kiln for song dynasty.Products are white porcelain, celadon, low – temperature three – color pottery and so on.

15.Anyang kiln:

in today’s anyang city, henan province, near the northern suburbs of anyang bridge, so the name.After small-scale excavation, it is preliminarily identified as the celadon kiln site of sui dynasty.

16.Bianjing kiln:

the kiln directly operated by the government in bianjing (now kaifeng, henan province) in the late northern song dynasty.The official kiln was designed to serve the imperial court. This kiln followed the ru kiln in making porcelain for the imperial court.Ware more archaize, lanzhu dark gray or purple, glaze blue, white, enamel crystal moist, there are grains, there are purple mouth iron mouth characteristics, the bottom has a nail burn mark.The specific kiln site has not been found yet.

Bian city official kilns

17.East kiln:

near bianjing (present kaifeng, henan province).Burning bricks and tiles.

3,Fujian ceramic kiln

1.Jian kiln:

in today’s jianyang county, fujian province, hence its name. Celadon was burned in the late tang dynasty and the five dynasties, while black porcelain was mainly burned in the song dynasty.The building kiln was most famous for the black glazed porcelain that was abundant in the song dynasty, and the “rabbit cup” used for drinking tea was the most popular.

Song jian kiln black glaze rabbit lamp

2.Dehua kiln:

in today’s dehua county, fujian province, hence the name.In the song dynasty, white porcelain was burned in the song and yuan dynasties, and white porcelain was burned in the Ming dynasty. In the qing dynasty, white porcelain was further developed. Besides white porcelain, blue and white porcelain and painted porcelain were also burned.

Ming DE kiln he chaozong style white glaze dharma – Beijing Palace Museum collection

3.Tongan kiln:

in today’s fujian tongan county, hence the name.Chuangshao and the tang dynasty, song and yuan dynasty heyday, mainly to burn celadon, and burn blue white porcelain.Tongan celadon, known as “pearlescent celadon” in Japan.

4.Quanzhou kiln:

in this fujian quanzhou city, so the name.A total of 11 kiln sites were found, including wan yao township, magnetic stove and tong zi shan, mainly burning blue white porcelain, celadon porcelain and black porcelain, all in the song and yuan dynasties.

5.Anxi kiln:

in modern anxi county, fujian province, hence its name.In the song and yuan dynasties, white porcelain was mainly burned, while blue and white porcelain and red and green color porcelain were burned in the Ming and qing dynasties.

6.Nan ‘an kiln:

in nan ‘an county, fujian province.Kiln site for the song dynasty, there are nearly 50 kiln sites.It mainly produces celadon and white porcelain.

7.Chong ‘an kiln:

in today’s fujian chong ‘an, so the name.Eleven kiln sites have been found, eight in the song dynasty.Due to its close proximity to jianyang, a special kiln site for burning black porcelain was found.The person who burned the blue white porcelain found two places, the unearthed objects are plates, bowls, cups, dishes, washing and boxes, the quality of which is the best in the garden ridge kiln.Due to its proximity to jiangxi, qingbai porcelain was influenced by jingdezhen and nanfeng kilns.

8.Fuqing kiln:

in today’s fujian fuqing, hence the name.It is one of the ancient export porcelain producing areas in eastern fujian.In the 1950s, five kiln sites in the song dynasty were found in dongzhang district, east gate of the county, all of which were of the same type as those unearthed in similar kiln sites in the song dynasty in fujian province.

Fuqing kiln black glaze

9.Burnish kiln:

in today’s fujian burnish, hence the name.In the 1950s, I found a kiln site in maodian in the song dynasty. There were two kinds of relics, blue and white porcelain and black porcelain.Black porcelain for various types of tea, there are rabbit and sauce spot, but a few.

10.Lianjiang kiln:

in today’s fujian lianjiang, hence its name.It is one of the ancient export porcelain producing areas in the coastal area of eastern fujian.At the beginning of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, kiln sites in pukou and kuiqi were found in the song and yuan dynasties.

11.Minqing kiln:

in modern fujian minqing, hence the name.Porcelain was burned in the song and yuan dynasties, and a total of four sites were found, specializing in the burning of blue white porcelain, solid thin, diverse shapes, rich decoration, glaze is light gray, the color of green, fujian regional characteristics.

12.Putian kiln:

putian in modern fujian province, hence its name.It is one of the ancient export porcelain producing areas in the coastal area of eastern fujian.

13.Pucheng kiln:

pucheng in modern fujian province, hence its name.It was from the southern song dynasty to the early yuan dynasty.Celadon was burned on the back of the bowl kiln. Most of the relics were found in bowls, and a small number of bottles and jars were found. There were flat bottles with two rings with two ears and the word “fu shou” was printed on two sides.One in the mouth of the village, mainly to the blue and white porcelain, the body printed Yang pattern decoration.

In song dynasty pucheng kiln ewer with green and white glaze

14Xianyou kiln:

In the present fujian xianyou, the name.The kiln site was discovered in 1953, with celadon, blue and white porcelain and black porcelain specimens.


4,Jiangxi ceramic kiln

1.Jingdezhen kiln:

it is named as jingdezhen in jiangxi province. According to literature records, it was burned in the reign of tang xuande.Blue and white porcelain was fired in the song dynasty.Yuan dynasty blue and white porcelain continued to fire, and burn blue and white, glaze red and egg white glaze porcelain.Ming dynasty became the national porcelain production center, Ming and qing dynasties two generations of blue and white, color porcelain and single-color glaze porcelain, outstanding achievements, famous ears.

Jingdezhen kiln in the southern song dynasty blue and white glaze carved twined flowers pattern large porcelain plum vase

Yuan blue and white cloud dragon drive bead wrapped peony pattern with cover large pot

Ming yongle ji red dark dragon pattern high foot bowl

2.Hongzhou kiln:

in today’s jiangxi fengcheng county, the tang dynasty is hongzhou, so the name.It is one of the six producing areas of celadon in tang dynasty.It started in the eastern jin dynasty and ended in the late tang dynasty.

Southern and northern dynasties hongzhou kiln slag bucket

3.Bai she kiln:

in the present jiangxi nanfeng county bai she, hence the name.In the song and yuan dynasties, it was specialized in white and blue porcelain.

4.Qili town kiln :

located in the eastern suburb of ganzhou, jiangxi province.Beginning to burn in the late tang dynasty, sheng in the song dynasty, finally yuan.It has a history of more than 300 years.The kiln site is about one kilometer wide from east to west, with 16 kilns piled up, covering an area of more than 3,000 square meters.Qili town’s products are green glaze, white glaze, shadow green glaze and black glaze varieties.

5.Leping kiln:

it is famous for its location in leping county, jiangxi province.It was made around jiajing in the Ming dynasty.

6.Jizhou kiln:

in the present town of yonghe, ji ‘an, jiangxi province, jizhou was from sui to song dynasties, hence its name, also known as “yonghe kiln”.Burn in the five dynasties, prosperous in the southern song dynasty, yuan end stop burning.There are many kinds of porcelains, such as blue and white porcelain, celadon, black porcelain, paste glaze porcelain, green glaze and white ground and black flower.

Song jizhou kiln black glaze wood leaves tianmu tea cup

7.White margin kiln:

west province linchuan county white margin du area, hence the name “white margin kiln”.It was made from the southern dynasty to the song dynasty.

8.Fengcheng kiln:

in jiangxi fengcheng temple in front of the mountain area, so the name.The fire started in the eastern jin dynasty and went through the southern dynasty to the tang dynasty.

9.Ganzhou kiln:

in today’s jiangxi ganzhou, hence the name.Beginning to burn in the song dynasty, burning blue white porcelain, engraved patterns;Yuan dynasty burned blue white porcelain, black glaze and longquan glaze.

10.Nanfeng kiln:

in today’s nanfeng, jiangxi province, hence the name.First seen in the yuan dynasty jiang qi “tao ji road” book, that and jingdezhen competitors have this kiln.It was discovered in the 1960s, and after further investigation in the 1970s, it was found that it was a single type of specially burned blue and white porcelain.Began to burn in the song dynasty, the burned utensils to the main, there are pot, cup holder, box and pillow, decoration to cut flowers in the majority, there are carved on the plum grain, paste mouth carved bowls, not seen in other white and blue porcelain kilns.

Song to yuan nan feng kiln green and white glaze engraved pattern bowl

 

5,The northern ceramic kiln

1.Pingding kiln:

in today’s shanxi pingding county, so the name.Began to burn in the tang dynasty and finally gold, mainly to burn white porcelain, and burn black porcelain.

2.Jiexiu kiln:

in this shanxi jiexiu county, so the name.Created and burned in the early song dynasty, through the fourth generations of the jin, yuan, Ming and qing dynasties, it mainly burned white porcelain, and also burned black porcelain, white glaze black flower and yellow-brown glaze printing porcelain.

The song dynasty jiexiu kiln white and black flower pot

3.Huo kiln:

in this shanxi huo county, so the name.Also known as peng kiln.Created and burned in gold and sheng in yuan, ended in the qing dynasty, mainly to burn white porcelain.

4.Datong kiln:

in today’s shanxi datong city, hence the name.It started in the yuan dynasty.Mainly burned black porcelain, with a small amount of tea powder glaze porcelain.

5.Hunyuan kiln:

in the present hunyuan county, shanxi, so the name.Beginning in the tang dynasty, and finally the yuan dynasty, the main products are white porcelain and black porcelain.

Ming or earlier hunyuan kiln sauce glaze

6.Huairen kiln:

in today’s shanxi huairen county, hence the name.First burned in the jin dynasty, after the yuan and Ming dynasties, mainly to burn black porcelain.

7.Yangcheng kiln:

yangcheng county, shanxi, hence the name.The kiln site was found in 1980 by the kiln bank outside the dongguan pass in yangcheng.Mainly to fire white porcelain, mostly for dishes, bowls and other daily utensils.The tire color is gray, in order to increase whiteness, all apply white makeup soil.

8.Yuxian kiln:

yuxian in Shanxi Province.In 1977, the kiln site was discovered in the magnetic kiln slope of yuxian county, Shanxi Province.The main products are white porcelain.Have the adornment such as printing, engraved also some with hollow out adornment implement foot.

9.Puzhou kiln:

in yongji, Shanxi Province, puzhou is a famous kiln in the north of yuan dynasty.It is famous for its flower-making wares, its fetal bones are made of clay, and its porcelains are made of bright and beautiful glaze, blue as precious stones, purple as amethyte (grape purple), yellow as gold leaf, and malachite green as gold, especially as it is beautiful.Flower patterns to flowers for many, also useful kaiguang method for the eight immortals or character stories.

10.Changzhi kiln:

in the present shanxi changzhi bayi town, hence the name.There are white glaze, white glaze red and green color, white glaze black flower and black glaze four kinds.

11.Jiaocheng kiln:

in present shanxi jiaocheng, hence the name.Beginning to burn in tang dynasty, with the largest output of white glaze, dish, bowl, pot and other utensils, also found that there are black glaze spots beat drum fragments more.In the song dynasty, there were some developments, mainly white porcelain, as well as small animal sculptures seen in various kilns in the north at that time.

12.Yuci kiln:

in the present shanxi taiyuan mengjia well, mengjia well Ming dynasty is a number of yuci county, so the name.A large amount of porcelain pieces are left in the kiln site, most of which are printed bowls with white glaze, and the glaze is scraped around the center of the bowls.

Quality kiln

 

6,Shaanxi ceramic kiln

1.Yao zhou kiln:

in the present shaanxi tongchuan city, song belongs to yao zhou, hence the name.The fire began in the tang dynasty, reached its peak in the middle of the northern song dynasty, and finally reached the yuan dynasty.Tang tri-color, white porcelain, celadon, black porcelain and paste glaze porcelain and other varieties, celadon is the most famous.

Song yao zhou kiln blue glaze engraved baby opera bowl – Beijing Palace Museum collection

2.XunYi kiln:

Xunyi kiln was named xunyi county in shaanxi province.Porcelain in gold, yuan, mainly celadon.Due to its close proximity to yaozhou porcelain, porcelain firing has the characteristics of yaozhou kiln.

7,shandong ceramic kiln

1.Zibo kiln:

in today’s shandong zibo city, so the name.According to archaeological findings, the kiln site is located in zhaili, where porcelain is burned. It is the only celadon kiln site in the northern part of the southern and northern dynasties that has been found so far.Another in the magnetic village, began to burn in the tang dynasty and finally yuan dynasty.In tang dynasty, black porcelain was mainly burned, while in song dynasty, white porcelain was mainly burned.

Gold generation zibo kiln line tank

2.Xing kiln:

in today’s neichu county, hebei province, tang was xingzhou.So the name.Mainly white porcelain, it is the most famous white porcelain kiln in the tang dynasty, as well as celadon produced by the famous yue kiln at the same time.White porcelain is divided into two categories.

Five – generation xing kiln white glaze tiger – shaped pillow

3.Ding kiln:

in the present hebei quyang county, song is dingzhou, so the name.It began to burn in tang dynasty and ended in yuan dynasty. It mainly burned white porcelain, and also burned black porcelain, sauce colored glaze porcelain and green glaze porcelain. It was one of the five famous kilns in song dynasty.

White porcelain baby pillow – Taipei Palace Museum

4.Cizhou kiln:

in the present hebei county, song is a cizhou, so the name.Beginning in the song dynasty, finally Ming dynasty.Products to burn white porcelain, black porcelain, a wide variety of white glaze black flower, white glaze sauce color, white glaze green spot, white glaze brown spot, pearl, green glaze black color, red green color and so on, with white glaze black flower as the main characteristics, is the representative of northern folk kiln song dynasty.

Song dynasty cizhou kiln black pick dragon pattern plum bottle

5.Quyang kiln:

because in hebei province quyang county jingjian magnetic village, so the name.This is the famous white porcelain producing area of ding kiln in song dynasty.Under the accumulation layer of the northern song dynasty in jiancicun kiln area, there are fragments of yellow glaze, yellow green glaze, brown green glaze and white glaze bowls and basins of the five dynasties in the late tang dynasty.

6.Jia bi village kiln:

the kiln site is located in jia bi village, cixian county, hebei province.Is a representative in the north of the sui dynasty celadon kiln.

7.Jiangguantun kiln:

in liaoyang city, liaoning province.Liao jin period for the people’s kiln.Chuang burned in the late liao dynasty, sheng in gold.Mainly white glaze coarse porcelain, and white glaze black flower ware, black glaze ware, tricolor, etc.White glaze color white and yellowish, black glaze color pure black.The burning utensils, to dishes, bowls, cups, plates, bottles and other living utensils for more.Uniform rotation makeup soil, black glaze products more rough big.

Jinjiang guantun cellar white glaze double ears pot

8.Liaoyang kiln:

in modern liaoning liaoyang or 30 km jiangguantun, hence the name.Porcelain is mainly white glaze coarse porcelain, but also a small amount of white ground black flower, black porcelain and tricolor pottery.

9.Upper jingyao kiln, liao dynasty:

it was named in the imperial city of lindong town, baring left banner, zhaowuda league, Inner Mongolia.For the late liao dynasty guan yao.The scale of the kiln is not large, but the porcelain is fine.According to the remaining pieces, the porcelain shell is very fine, white paper, no make-up, high degree of porcelain, no water absorption.Glaze more pure white, occasionally light blue or flashing blue, also have black glaze and low temperature green glaze.Vessels have long neck bottle, long handle ewer, begonia-style long plate and square plate, etc.The plates, bowls, bottles, POTS, pans, boxes and other vessels imitated from kiln products are extremely fine.

10.Lindong kiln:

lindong town, balin left banner, zhaowudameng, liaoning, hence the name “lindong kiln”.Liao dynasty for the people’s kiln, large scale kiln, special tea green glaze and black glaze large coarse porcelain.Thick thick thick thick thick thick thick thick, high hardness and firm.The most tea leaves green glaze ware was chicken leg bottle.Black glaze is more porcelain, pot, which is the double – ear pot.

11.Chifeng kiln:

also known as “cylinder tile kiln.”In this Inner Mongolia zhao wumeng chifeng 60 kilometers southwest of the cylinder tile kiln tun, so the name.Kiln tools with “guan” inscription were unearthed in the kiln site, which proved to be guan kiln of liao dynasty.The burners include white porcelain, black flowers on white ground, tricolor and colored pottery.

12.Ankou kiln:

pingliang in gansu province, ankou in huating, because of its name.Old “longshang kiln” said.It was first burned in the tang dynasty and then in the song and yuan dynasties to make black porcelain “rust flowers” and celadon.To Ming and qing dynasties, black pottery and white pottery were fired, mainly for daily use.

13.Lanzhou kiln:

in today’s lanzhou, gansu province, hence the name.

8,The south ceramic kiln

1.Changsha kiln:

in today’s tongguan town, changsha city, hunan province, also known as tongguan kiln.It was an important celadon kiln in the south of tang dynasty.

Tang dynasty changsha kiln yellow glaze brown color flower bird dish

2.Yuezhou kiln:

in today’s xiangyin county, hunan province, the tang dynasty belongs to yuezhou, so the name, porcelain in the sui, tang and five dynasties, the tang dynasty is one of the six celadon producing areas.

3.Xiangyin kiln:

in today’s hunan xiangyin, so the name.It is one of the six producing areas of celadon in tang dynasty.A total of three sites were found, with the county site as the earliest, unearthed relics are with the style of the sui dynasty, the body of the device is more than printed pattern decoration, only high foot plate heart decoration is more than 30 kinds, which is rarely seen in other kilns of the same period.

4.Shouzhou kiln:

in today’s anhui province huainan city, tang is shouzhou, so the name.There are six kiln sites in the sui and tang dynasties.

Tang shouzhou kiln yellow glaze four series bottles

5.Xiao kiln:

in the present anhui xiaoxian white soil town, hence the name.Burn in the tang dynasty, and finally gold.The tang dynasty burned yellow, white and black glaze porcelain, after the song dynasty mainly burned white porcelain.

6.Fanchang kiln:

in today’s anhui fanchang county, so the name.In the song dynasty, porcelain was specially burned blue and white porcelain.

7.Huainan kiln:

it is known as huainan in anhui province.It was a celadon kiln in sui dynasty.There are four series of vessels, high – footed plates, small – mouth POTS and so on.

8.Sizhou kiln:

in the territory of sizhou (now sixian county, anhui province), hence the name.It started in the song dynasty.It is famous for its white porcelain.

SiZhou kiln

 

9,Jiangsu ceramic kiln

1.Junshan kiln:

junshan mountain in dingshu town, yixing city, jiangsu province.It was the celadon kiln site from the late wu dynasty to the tang dynasty.Common celadon varieties are bowl, bowl, cup, wash, pot, pot and so on.Green glaze often make bean green, slightly yellow, full of black glaze, glaze outside not in the end.Decorative patterns include string patterns, water ripples, diagonal grid patterns, beaded patterns and shop heads.

10,Sichuan ceramic kiln

1.Qionglai kiln:

Qionglai kiln is named in today’s qionglai county, sichuan province.Chuang burned in the southern dynasty, is an important celadon kiln in sichuan during the sui and tang dynasties.

2.Peng county kiln:

in today’s sichuan peng county, named.It is the only white porcelain kiln site found in sichuan province.

3.Qingyang palace kiln:

in today’s sichuan chengdu qingyang palace, so the name.Beginning in the southern dynasty, ending in the late tang dynasty, the five dynasties, mainly to fire celadon.

4.Guangyuan kiln:

in today’s sichuan guangyuan county, hence the name.It was burned in the tang dynasty and stopped burning in the late southern song dynasty.There are many kinds of porcelains, mainly black porcelains, and black glaze, green glaze, yellow glaze and so on.

5.Dayi kiln:

in today’s sichuan dayi, hence the name.Sichuan dayi tang dynasty, the name.Sichuan area for the tang dynasty white porcelain production.

6.Huayang kiln:

also known as “liulichang” or “liulichang kiln”.In today’s sichuan chengdu huanyang shengli township village, hence the name.Built in the song dynasty, porcelain varieties of yellow glaze and yellow glaze green color, relics to green painting more, there are yellow glaze green color basin, the center of the basin engraved double fish pattern, two fish swim against the water, supplemented by water grass, natural lines smooth, there is a higher level.

11,yunnan ceramic kiln

1.Yuxi kiln:

yuxi city, yunnan province.Created and burned in the song and yuan dynasties, but stopped in the Ming dynasty. Celadon and blue and white porcelain were fired.

Yuan blue and white, yunnan yuxi kiln

2.West village kiln:

in today’s guangzhou west village, hence the name.In the song dynasty, there were three kinds of porcelain, namely blue and white porcelain, blue and white porcelain and black porcelain.

Song xicun kiln green and white glaze carved flower and phoenix head pot

3.Chaozhou kiln:

in today’s chaoan county, guangdong province, tang and song dynasties belong to chaozhou, hence the name.It started in the tang dynasty and ended in the song dynasty.Celadon and brown glaze were burned in tang dynasty, and white celadon and black porcelain were mainly burned in song dynasty.

4.Huiyang kiln:

in the territory of huizhou (today’s guangdong huiyang), hence the name.Two kiln sites were found:

One  in yaotou mountain, created and burned in the song dynasty, it was mainly made of blue and white porcelain, with unstable glaze color, including blue and white, yellow, light yellow and light gray, decorated with printing and engraving, with rich themes and diverse shapes.

One  in baima mountain, created and burned in the middle of the Ming dynasty, specializing in celadon, carved chrysanthemum petals on the outside of the bowl, inking the word “blessing and longevity” on the inside. This kind of celadon was produced in large quantities in longquan kiln of zhejiang province. Baima mountain kiln should belong to longquan kiln system.

12,Guangxi ceramic kiln

1.Yongfu kiln:

in today’s yongfu county, guangxi, it is named. Celadon was mainly burned in the song dynasty.

2.Rattan county kiln:

in this guangxi rattan county, so the name.Porcelain was burned in the late tang and song dynasties, celadon and brown glaze were burned in the late tang and white porcelain was burned in the song dynasty.

3.Rongxian kiln:

in the territory of rongzhou (now rongxian county of guangxi zhuang autonomous region), named after it, it was built in the song dynasty. Two kiln sites were found:

One in the west county, burning white porcelain, relics to the bowl most, in addition to cups, cups, dishes, POTS, POTS and other utensils;

One in the east of the county, the main fire green glaze, green color tone and low temperature lead glaze is different, relics have a small bowl of printed twinned chrysanthemum grain, decorative layout as the northern yao zhou ceramic kiln style, only white and thin, green glaze beautiful.

Rong county kiln black glaze tiger skin spotted tea cup

4.Xingan kiln:

in the present guangxi zhuang autonomous region near xingan yan guan, hence the name.Began to burn in the song dynasty, the ground relics to celadon accounted for the main proportion, there are black glaze and tortoiseshell glaze specimens;Decoration is mostly printing, printing pottery fan also found, printing bowl with lotus and water lines and shoushan fu hai inscription.

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ceramic,how to identify

Identification of fine ceramic

1, ceramic fetal quality:

fetal quality must be loose, beating, the sound must be clear.When buying antique ceramic, we must judge the thickness of the body by age.For example, ding kiln is divided into south ding and north ding. The embryo body of north ding must be thick, while that of south ding is thin.

It is best to carry a torch when buying products.When identifying, do not shoot from the inside out (as general merchants do), but from the outside in. Then observe the projection inside the products, touch the products with your hands. If you see the shadow moving with your hands, you will prove that the products is thin.

Mr. Ma also introduced how to distinguish the simple method of manual and mechanical manufacturing: hand-made products, the wall is not uniform, touch will have an edge feeling;Machine-made products, the surface is very uniform, the thickness of the same degree.Moreover, the mechanical manufacture of products was very low;The artificial products foot is relatively high, and along the inside bottom can feel a full slurry groove.

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2, glaze color:

glaze color must be accurate and uniform.The so-called glaze color is accurate refers to, after the republic of China ceramic glaze color for white, qing dynasty  glaze color for bean green, this point should be paid attention to when buying antique products.

3. Painting style:

the painting style is good.Especially when buying large ceramic pieces, pay attention to the distinction between hand-painted and applique.Decal pattern is inflexible, line is more dead.Blue and white products in the shape of small vessels, with edges and corners that can be felt by hand, is caused by the use of glue in decals.The edge pattern of ceramic often USES decal, in the joint of decal sometimes appear seam, or the left and right parts of the pattern is not even phenomenon.

4. Shape: unique is good.


Identification of low-grade large display ceramic

1. Ceramic body:

the body should be uniform and not collapse.

2, glaze color, painting style:

as long as master the above identification decals and hand-painted skills can be.

Even when buying decal ceramic, pay attention to carefully identify the quality of decal, do not buy some too shoddy decal products.

3. Shape:

the mouth is flat and the bottom is flat.

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Ceramic art history

Each age of ceramic art has its own characteristics.

1,The original time

In primitive society, writing is not yet perfect and mature.The image of the pattern is highly intuitive, and at that time it had the characteristics of landmark and decoration, so the research on the pattern of painted pottery will also provide evidence for the study of ancient Chinese characters.

2,In the early qin period

The pottery pieces and POTS excavated from the ruins of Yin xu in the shang dynasty include many styles, including gray pottery, black pottery, red pottery, colored pottery, white pottery, and hard pottery with glaze.

3,Qin and han dynasties

Most ancient buildings in qin and han dynasties were constructed with wood, which is not easy to survive. However, relics such as tiles and bricks of han dynasty can still be found in the ruins. Ceramics of qin and han dynasties include tiles, bricks of han dynasty, terracotta warriors and horses, lead-glazed pottery, blue-glazed pottery and so on.

4,The northern and southern dynasties

In China, the most recognized porcelain appeared in the eastern han dynasty.The green body is made of kaolin or porcelain stone and other composite materials, and is fired at 1200oC1300oC. The body is required to be hard, dense, thin and not absorbent. The outside of the body is covered with a layer of glaze.

5,Sui and tang dynasties

Although the sui dynasty was short, there was a new breakthrough in porcelain firing, not only celadon firing, white porcelain also had a good development, in addition, there was also an innovation in decoration techniques at this time, such as in other pieces of clay – decals on utensils, for example.

6,The tang dynasty period

In the tang dynasty, porcelain production could reach a mature stage and enter the real era of porcelain.Because the difference between pottery and porcelain is white, hard or translucent, the biggest key is the fire temperature.Although there were porcelain in han dynasty, the temperature was not high and the texture was fragile, which could only be regarded as the original porcelain. However, when it came to tang dynasty, not only the glaze was mature, but the fire temperature could reach more than 1,000 degrees Celsius.The most famous kilns in tang dynasty were yue kilns and xing kilns.

7,Five dynasties and ten states

This period is more famous is the later zhou shizong chai kiln, mainly to the sky blue, shizong was rated as “after the rain the sky is clear and the clouds are broken, like color for the future”, so there is “after the rain the sky is clear and blue”.Tao road recorded “as green as the sky, as clear as a mirror, as thin as paper, sound like qing”, you can slightly know its exquisite production.

During the five dynasties, yue kiln became the imperial vessel of qian’s family, king of wu and yue, which was not allowed to be enjoyed by ordinary ministers. Therefore, it was also called “secret color kiln”, which was made of celadon.

8,Song dynasty

The song dynasty was the heyday of Chinese ceramics.Ding kiln, ru kiln, guan kiln, ge kiln and jun kiln are five famous kilns with graceful shape and dignified, which not only surpass the achievements of predecessors, but also can be matched by later generations.

9,Yuan dynasty

After the yuan dynasty entered the central plains for 91 years, the porcelain industry was in decline compared with that of the song dynasty. However, there were also new developments during this period, such as the rise of blue and white glaze and red glaze, the popularity of colored porcelain, white porcelain became the mainstream of porcelain, and the glaze color was white and green, which drove the development of porcelain in the later Ming and qing dynasties and made great achievements.

10,During the Ming dynasty

Ceramic art development in the Ming dynasty in China and to enter into a new journey, in the Ming dynasty porcelain is given priority to with celadon, before and after the Ming dynasty is given priority to with white porcelain, especially in blue, the main products color into white porcelain of Ming dynasty, jingdezhen and more become the main plant, largest and continue the Ming and qing dynasties five and six hundred long, describing the spectacle as “day empty, white smoke mask, red flame burning day night”.

11,In the qing dynasty

Chinese porcelain of the qing dynasty reached its peak.Thousands of years of experience, coupled with natural raw materials, jingdezhen du tao officer management, the early years of the qing dynasty, kangxi, yongzheng and qianlong three generations, for political stability, economic prosperity, the emperor, the achievements of China also is very outstanding, the emperor’s hobby and advocate, made the early qing dynasty porcelain production of skilled, decorative fine, achievement, is the most illuminating the long history of Chinese ceramics.

12,The middle of the qing dynasty

During this period, the status of Chinese porcelain in international trade was deteriorating. China, which was famous for its porcelain production, became a dumping market for a large number of foreign porcelain. Although Chinese porcelain could still compete with foreign porcelain with traditional characteristics, the number was greatly reduced.Nevertheless, China’s ceramic industry still survives tenaciously.At the end of the qing dynasty, under the slogan of “invigorating industry” advocated by the qing government, some ethnic industrialists carried out some reforms to China’s ceramic handicraft industry and established some new porcelain factories.

13,In modern times

Before and after the first world war, the imperialist countries in Europe and America were busy with war plunder, temporarily easing the aggression and oppression of China. Therefore, China’s national industry rose slightly, and the new porcelain factories of national industry also developed to a certain extent.During the reign of the kuomintang, China’s ceramic industry not only failed to develop, but also became increasingly depressed and declining. The import of foreign porcelain showed an increasing trend year by year.By the eve of liberation, China’s ceramic industry was moribund.

14,New China period

After the founding of new China, through confiscating bureaucratic capital and reforming capitalist industry and commerce and individual handicraft industry, China’s ceramics industry has been rapidly restored and developed, and a socialist ceramic industry system has been established.

15,Modern ceramic art

Chinese ceramic art has a complete aesthetic system, and is also being modernized by a new generation of grasp and transformation, this batch of ceramic artists will be modern art concept and creation synchronization, with a new enterprising spirit to explore, dig, explore new art forms, expression of the spirit and connotation of The Times, so that the ceramic art has a modern sense.

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glaze colors:7 kinds of the most noteworthy glaze colors

The glaze colors adds luster, making ceramic more beautiful, natural.

1,On the glaze color

Glaze color, tied to the ceramic has been burned for painting, and then baked in the brocade kiln.It is rich in color, but easy to fade and change color.Glaze color originated in song cizhou kiln, beginning to say “song red and green color.”To the Ming dynasty, glaze single color and a variety of color production, has been very developed.After the qing dynasty, glaze color more innovation, there are colorful, enamel color, powder color, color bucket.

Five color

Confetti was a new variety of jingdezhen kiln in Ming and qing dynasties, which was developed on the basis of adding color to glaze in song and yuan dynasties.Ming dynasty color materials without blue color, blue and white instead, known as “blue and white multicolored”, has become a unique feature of The Times, with jiajing, wanli multicolored as representative.

Colored enamel

Enamel is the most characteristic ceramic used by the qing dynasty royal family.From the strong and solemn color of kangxi to the light and simple elegance of yongzheng, to the delicate and complicated elegance of qianlong, the enamel is concentrated with western charm.

pastel

Fencai ceramic is enamel color, qing court and a fire color ceramic.The foundation containing arsenic is applied on the burned glaze and washed with a brush after applying the pigment.

Bucket color

Doucai also known as the funny color, China’s traditional ceramic craft treasures.Created and burned in the Ming dynasty xuande years, the Ming chenghua period of the fight color is most respected, is under the glaze color (blue and white) and glaze color combination of a decorative variety.


2,Under the glaze color

The so-called “underglaze color”, refers to the underglaze painted, that is, painted on the body after coating a colorless transparent glaze.Its characteristic is the color smooth downy, light refined, not easy to wear, not easy to change color.Underglaze color was originated in changsha kiln of tang dynasty.It began as underglaze brown color, decoration is relatively simple;Then it developed into brown and green.After song and yuan dynasties, there appeared many new varieties including blue and white, underglaze red, underglaze multicolored and so on.

Blue and white

Blue and white ceramic is also known as white and white ceramic, often referred to as blue and white, Chinese ceramic firing process treasures.It is one of the main varieties of Chinese ceramic, which belongs to underglaze colored ceramic.

youligong

Underglaze red, ceramic glaze color decoration of one of the methods, created in the yuan dynasty jingdezhen.The color material containing metal copper as the color agent is painted on the surface of the ceramic body by the required pattern pattern, and then covered with a colorless transparent glaze, and then into the kiln at 1300℃ or so in the high temperature reduction-flame atmosphere in a firing.

Under the glaze colorful

Xiazukai is a traditional famous ceramic originated in the late qing dynasty in liling city, hunan province.During more than ten years of initial firing, it won many international awards and became famous all over the world, known as “the peak of Oriental ceramic art”.


3,Green glaze

Chinese ceramic is famous for its traditional color glaze.Also known as “celadon glaze”.Ancient southern green glaze is the earliest color glaze of ceramic.Alleged “green glaze”, color is not pure green, have: moon white, azure, pink green, plum green, bean green, bean green, emerald green, but how much always can pan out a bit green green.The main varieties are pink green, plum green and so on.

Powder blue

Powder blue is a kind of glaze color, one of the varieties of green glaze.Take the iron as the main coloring element, the glaze is thicker, after enters the kiln through the high temperature reduction flame to burn, the glaze color green in the powder white, like the sapphire, therefore the name.The powder blue glaze is made by longquan kiln in the southern song dynasty, which is one of the main glaze colors of longquan celadon younger kiln.

Plum green

The use of repeated glazing, glazing layer is thicker than the powder blue, after the kiln by high temperature strong reduction flame burning, glaze color ying run green, like green plum, so the name.Plum green glaze is an outstanding variety created by longquan kiln in southern song dynasty.It is a new celadon glaze color of longquan kiln in southern song dynasty.


4,White glazed

White glaze is one of the traditional glaze colors of ceramic.China’s ancient only yuan dynasty mature government glaze is lost through, other white glaze is not white glaze, but, into the kiln high temperature firing and become transparent glaze, glaze color because of the white run ceramic body set off and show white, now used to this kind of transparent glaze also known as white glaze.Main varieties are egg white glaze, sweet white glaze, ivory white glaze, etc.

Egg white glaze

Egg white glaze is a kind of high temperature glaze newly created by jingdezhen kiln in yuan dynasty.

Sweet white glaze

Sweet white is a white glaze created by yongle kiln.Because many of yongle white ceramic products are so thin that they are half out of shape, they can be seen by light.On the thin surface with dark flowers and carved patterns, a white glaze as soft as jade is applied to give people a feeling of “sweet”, hence the name “sweet white”.

Ivory white glaze

Name of glaze.Glaze contains metal titanium oxide, white in yellow, like ivory texture, so the name.Song ding kiln, Ming DE kiln firing.


5,The black glaze

Black glaze is one of the glaze colors of ancient ceramic.The main colorants for black glaze are iron oxide and a small or trace amount of manganese, cobalt, copper, chromium and other oxidation colorants.Black glaze glaze for lime glaze and lime alkali glaze two categories.The main varieties are rabbit harem glaze, oil drops and so on.

TuHao glaze

Rabbit harem also background color is dark cyanosis black, and with auburn harem light, silk and hair like veins for the brown brown brown background color foil, very coordinated.

Oil droplets

Oil drop glaze on the black glaze scattered with a silver-gray metallic luster, different sizes of small dots like oil drops, is one of the black ceramic products in shanxi.


6,Red glaze

The appearance of red glaze can be traced back to the early years of the northern song dynasty.Divide copper red glaze and iron red glaze two kinds again.The main varieties of copper red glaze are bright red, lang kiln red, ruby red, glaze red, etc.The main varieties of iron glaze are alum red, coral red and so on.

The copper red glaze

Copper red glaze is a red glaze which contains copper as colorant and is burned by reducing flame.Theoretically speaking, copper oxide is used as hair colorant and calcined in reducing flame to obtain bright red color, which is copper red glaze.

Bright red

Lang cellar red

Ruby red

Iron oxide red glaze

Iron red glaze is a typical split-phase glaze.The glaze is tawny or sea cucumber brown, on which there are iron-rich orange-red globose or lotus leaf-shaped isolated flower crystal big safflower patterns. The whole vessel has a rare, noble and solemn texture.

Alum red

Coral red


7,Yellow glaze

Yellow glaze is the traditional ceramic decorative art of the han nationality.It first appeared in the tang dynasty.But the yellow glaze, or ru kiln high temperature yellow glaze – tea dust glaze.Its main varieties are jiaohuang, turmeric, beeswax yellow, egg yolk and so on.

Jiao huang

turmeric

Beeswax yellow

The egg yolk

 

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Ceramic:7 kinds of most valuable ceramic modeling

Appreciate the classic ceramic modeling daquan, feel the charm of Chinese ceramic!

1,ceramic cup article

And happy before one cup of wine, why need after thousand years

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ceramic cups, household utensils, have been used for drinking wine or tea since ancient times.The basic shape is mostly straight or open mouth, mouth diameter and cup height nearly equal.Have flat, circular or high feet.Archaeological records show that the earliest cups were from the neolithic age.

Chicken cylinder cup

Qing qianlong powder enamel bowl of chicken

A wine set.Open, shallow belly, lying feet.On the cup with the bucket color painting female, male chicken and chicks, between the rock, orchid grass, peony, hence the name chicken bowl cup.Ming chenghua bucket color chicken cup was once famous, the qing dynasty each dynasty have imitation, especially when kangxi, yongzheng imitation best, a few can be imitated.

Late qing dynasty powder enamel chicken cup

Pressure hand cup

Qing yongzheng official kiln powder blue glaze pressed hand cup

The mouth is flat outside, abdominal wall is straighter, from abdominal wall place adduction, abdominal wall gradually thick, circle sufficient.Hold in the hands of a dignified sense, secure hand, so called pressure hand cup.Ming yongle blue and white pressure hand cup is the most famous.

goblet

Qing qianlong blue and white wrapped branch flowers grain cup

Wine.Imitation bronze model, mouth along the outside skimming, round belly slightly deep, before the tip back warped, under the three high foot, mouth along both sides of the symmetrical column.Ming and qing dynasties have a fire, there are blue and white glaze, blue glaze and pastel varieties.

Best cup

Qianlong blue and white Sanskrit cup

Wine because the body of the cup has a high foot, so the name.Mouth slightly skimming, near the bottom of the full, under the meet, high enough to have a section shaped, cylindrical, square, etc.Ming, qing shang dynasty are burning, varieties of blue and white, such as bucket color.

The sowing and ploughing cup

Mid – qing dynasty bucket color three – autumn cup

Open, shallow inclined type abdominal wall, circle foot, cup body with autumn chrysanthemum, butterfly, grass composition picture, name sanqiu cup.The color is blue, grass flowers and flying butterflies outline, with light yellow, purple, purple spot dyeing flying butterflies and stamens.Cup shape xiuqiao, simple but elegant picture.

Coats cup

Golden goblet with pine grain in pastel enamel and yellow glaze

Drinking utensils.Straight edge slightly skimming, mouth gradually convergence, shallow circle full shape small plump.The so-called “kishi cup” is painted with the picture of literati’s pleasure, such as wang xizhi’s love of goose and tao yuanming’s love of chrysanthemum.


2,Wedgwood China post

ceramic bowl piece jun but pour tea bowl, just as well ride back.

ceramic bowl is the bulk product produced by the ancient ceramic industry, which was first seen in han dynasty, popular in wei and jin dynasties, and produced in large quantities after tang dynasty.Bowl modeling features open, deep belly, flat bottom or circle foot, in a variety of forms.

Footed bowl

Qing kangxi blue and white dragon pattern high – footed bowl

Modelling and tall sufficient cup are same, slightly big.Yuan dynasty longquan kiln, jingdezhen kiln sheng fire, Ming and qing dynasties continue to fire, varieties of green glaze, egg white glaze, blue and white, red glaze, etc.

Palace bowl

Qing daoguang blue and white multicolored dragon and phoenix palace bowl

The mouth along the outside skimming, belly wide deep round, regular shape, more palace with the device, the name.Ming zhengde when the most famous firing, known as the “zhengde bowl.”

 

The heart bowl

Ming yongle blue flower chrysanthemum petal grain chicken heart bowl

Deep abdomen, small circle foot, the bottom of the bowl has a heart – like protuberant, named.Ming yongle, xuande two dynasties more firing, to the blue and white ceramic for more.

Hat to bowl

Kangxi, qing dynasty, piled white pearl cloud dragon bowl

Wide mouth, oblique abdominal wall is 45 degrees Angle, small circle foot.Inverted because of the shape of bamboo hats;So the name.Song dynasty began to burn, after all dynasties have fired.

Qing qianlong blue and white folding branch flower pattern bowl

Count the bowl

In the republic of China powder enamel light figure story folding bowl

Skimming, circle foot, the bowl under the abdomen hard fold, so called folding bowl.The earliest in the five dynasties, the yuan dynasty the most widely sold.

Lie the foot bowl

Qing daoguang bucket color lotus pond mandarin duck wen lie foot bowl

Shallow abdomen, bowl bottom heart concave, to bowl wall as a circle foot, so called lying foot bowl.It is commonly seen in Ming and qing dynasties.

The bore is clear bowl

Ming Ming bowl with multicolored flower pattern

It is formed by gluing two bowls, hollow between two bowls and a hole in the center of the bottom of the outer bowl, so it is called kongming bowl or zhuge bowl.It began in longquan kiln of northern song dynasty and was fired in jingdezhen of Ming dynasty.

Water bowl

Ming zhengde royal kiln element tricolor flower water purification bowl

Before the Buddha offering.Hello mouth, lower abdomen wide circle, circle foot, some pie – shaped foot or high foot.Late Ming dynasty and early qing dynasty were popular. The name of a disciple was often inscribed on the bowl.

Note the bowl

In the northern song dynasty, you ceramic tianqing glaze flower mouth filling bowl

Warm wine set, used with notes.Generally, the wall of the bowl is straight and deep, and some of the whole body is shaped like a lotus flower.In the song dynasty, ceramic kilns were burned in the north and south, mostly in the south.

Jade wall bottom bowl

Tang xing kiln white ceramic jade wall bottom bowl

Popular in the middle and late tang dynasty, Ming and qing dynasties also a small amount of firing.Circle foot wide, navel, like jade wall, so the name.

Table bowl

A small bowl of blue and white pottery unearthed from a specified burial.Late Ming see, rough technology, painting bold and unrestrained, more painting landscape, flowers and birds, plum bamboo, fruits and vegetables.


3,CiHu article

A pot of wine, a pole, and a few people were happy as nong.

Kettles, wine containers and water containers.The pot was used in a long time and has many styles, such as round, square, oblate, octagonal and arc.

Dish pot

Song jizhou kiln pankou pot

A style of pot.Dish mouth, have neck, 4 series or 6 series, bulge abdomen flat bottom.Celadon ware popular from the eastern han dynasty to the tang dynasty.The evolution trend of dish pot is that the dish mouth is enlarged, the neck grows from short to long, the abdomen develops from circle to ellipse, and the system changes from circle to bridge, and then to strip.

Zito pot

Blue and white chicken head pot

A style of pot.The pot spout was made into a chicken head, so it was named. It was first seen in the western jin dynasty, and continued to the early tang dynasty.Sheng – fired in zhejiang, varieties of green and black glaze.

Comb pot

Liao three-color chicken comb pot

A style of pot.The pot style of liao dynasty was named because the top of the pot was similar to the comb.Flat body, lower abdomen fat, upper tube type short flow.Producing area in liaoning province, such as aluko qinqi, chifeng and liaoyang, varieties of yellow glaze, white glaze and green glaze in the majority, with strong khitan national style.

Skins pot

Tang yellow glaze figure leather pot

A style of pot.The name of the pot of liao dynasty was made by imitating the skin container of the khitan people.Flat body, straight body, abundant lower part, short flow, both sides of the pot with the shape of the line, similar to stitched leather traces, both sides of the round hole, can be tied to the line.Producing area in liaoning and Inner Mongolia, varieties of white glaze, green glaze in the majority.

Salivary pot

Yellow glaze kettles in longquan kiln of southern song dynasty

A style of pot.Sanitary utensils, containers for spitting.Wash mouth, short neck, bulge abdomen flat bottom.Celadon kettles were produced by yue kiln in wu and jin dynasties.Song dynasty longquan kiln, ding kiln also fired, modeling changes, upper wash mouth increase, shallow circle foot.

Crested pot

Clear oven jun glaze crested kettle

A style of pot.The spout is named because it looks like a phoenix head.A crested lid with a belted neck and a slight belly, with a bell-shaped high foot, flowing on one side and an upright dragon-shaped handle on the other side.Created in the tang dynasty, it has three colors, white glaze and green glaze, which not only absorbs the characteristics of Persian gold and silver crested pot, but also blends with the traditional Chinese style, very unique.

Girder pot

Early qing dynasty plain tri-colour caldron with floral pattern

A style of pot.Small mouth, small flow, bulging belly, flat bottom, cover, in order to carry convenient, at both ends of the shoulder with a half moon shaped girder, named.Yaozhou kiln in the song dynasty, Ming and qing dynasty are fired, varieties of green glaze, blue and white, powder color, purple sand, etc.

Wear with pot

Qing jiaqing powder enamel wrapped lotus kaiguang bogutu wear with pot

A style of pot.Small mouth, short neck, oval belly, the lower two sides of the vessel have rectangular perforation, opposite to the double ears on both sides of the shoulder, can be worn and carried, hence the name.Tang dynasty has seen, song dynasty to the qing dynasty continued to fire, varieties of white glaze, green glaze, red glaze, etc.

Mitral pot

Qing peacock blue cap pot

A style of pot.Beaded button cover, duck-billed flow, short neck, bulging belly, ring feet, a side of the flat crank, shape like a monk’s hat, named.It is a kind of vessel influenced by foreign influence, which started in yuan dynasty. Jingdezhen kiln continued to be fired in Ming and qing dynasties.

Ben the pot

Alum red painted gold eight-treasure grain pot

A style of pot.Disc mouth, narrow neck, curved and flowing, bulbous below-bearing bell-shaped feet.Qing dynasty qianlong created the court for the device, handed down products such as red color, gold color and a variety of color powder color.

Qing jiaqing blue and white with powder enamel wrapped branches of flowers Ben ba pot

Back pot

 

Qing qianlong blue and white glaze red cloud dragon pattern back pot

A style of pot.Button cover of chicken heart, small mouth, short neck, rounded pot body, raised on one side of abdomen, convex umbilical on the central part, flat on one side, symmetrical double system on both sides of shoulder, easy to wear and carry, hence the name.Ming yongle, xuande town kiln has been fired, varieties of blue and white glaze.There were imitations in the qing dynasty.


4,ceramic statue of article

I carry a bottle of wine, alone on jiang zushi.

Zun, now zuozun, is a large and medium-sized wine vessel formed by the han nationality in the shang and zhou dynasties.Mostly made of bronze, it was later applied to ceramic modeling.

The ji chun

Southern song dynasty longquan kiln plum green halberd zun

Zun, now zun, this ceramic halberd zun, imitation of the ancient bronze ware modeling, open, belly slightly bulging, foot out.Neck, abdomen, shin around each act the role of a halberd, the name.Song jun kiln’s halberd is a precious treasure.

No block chun

Qing yongzheng blue and white without block

Large mouth, short neck, round belly, won bottom, shaped like a fish basket, named.Ming dynasty yongle jingdezhen kiln firing a style.The vessel shape was introduced from Persia. Its mouth and bottom were like walls. It was straight up and down.Ming dynasty yongle, xuande jingdezhen kiln firing, qing dynasty kangxi, yongzheng imitation firing, mostly for blue and white.

Fish basket honour

Qing dynasty early kiln change glaze fish basket

Have blue and white fish basket honour, qing dynasty yongzheng place copy bamboo makes up fish basket honour, have all sorts of single color glaze, modelling is true to life.

Pomegranate honour

Pastel figure pomegranate zun

Mouth curly, short neck, round belly, circle foot, because of its curly mouth like open pomegranate fruit, so the name.Qing dynasty yongzheng jingdezhen kiln began to burn, varieties of green glaze, kiln glaze, tea glaze and so on.

The white statue of

Qing guangxu cowpea red glaze taibai honour

Stationery.Small mouth slightly skimmed, short neck, broad shoulders, flat bottom.Qing dynasty kangxi jingdezhen kiln fire, with cowpea red glaze is the most famous, late qing imitation of poor quality.

The horseshoe honour

Qing kangxi glazed red flowers grain horseshoe statue

Wide mouth, round lips collect, cut shoulder wide abdomen, flat bottom, vessel shape like horseshoe shape, named.Qing dynasty kangxi jingdezhen kiln firing, only see small glazed red components.

Loeb honour

Qing qianlong brother glaze luo bu zun

Also known as “radish zun”.Small open mouth, long and thin neck, rich shoulders, gradually closed under the shoulders, concave bottom, shaped like Loeb, hence the name.Qing dynasty kangxi jingdezhen kiln more see firing, to cowpea red in the majority, there are sky blue glaze, bean green glaze.In late qing dynasty and early republic of China, there are many imitations.

Apple’s honour

Qing kangxi enamel red apple zun

Mouth, bottom concave, no neck, round belly, shaped like an apple, hence the name.Jingdezhen kiln in qing dynasty, large and small wares are available, the varieties are blue and white, red glaze, sky blue glaze, kiln glaze and so on.

Tauren honour